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地点地位:首页 > 阐发研讨 > 注释阐发研讨

西藏坐拥2亿千瓦水能 水电该怎样开辟

宣布日期:2018-10-11来历:收集来历编辑:张世辉

[择要]

   xizangshihenduominqizhishenchideguanshangfangzhendi。 qidanlvshuiqingshan,xizanghaizuoyongjinshanyinshan:fengshuodemeiyou、shuineng、taiyangneng、direneng、fengnengdengdongliziben。jiejingdonglidounengchengqixizangdedongligongji。

   taiyangnengheshuinengtebiefengshuo。“zhongguoshuidianjiatianxia,xizangshuidianjiazhongguo。”xizangshuinengsanbuzaiyaluzangbujiang、nujiang、jinshajiang、lancangjiang,chuzangliangda2yiqianwa,zhantianxia30%,danshiqishuidianzhuangjizhiyao177wanqianwa,jinzhanshouyikekaipiliangde1%。

   shengtaiqingkuangnuoruo、kaipibenqiangao、waisongdianlijucuobanfaruanruo、xibuqishuijingxiangyanjun,douchengweixizangshuidiankaipidechezhou。mianlinruxuyizuodonglichuxuku,jiujingyaobuyaokaipi,yaozenyangkaipi?

   1.水坝是不是是景观,影响水电开辟?

  

   “lantianbaiyunzhixia,lianzhuigaosongdexueshan,fengchuicaodijianniuyang,qiashizheiyuanshengtaifengjingxishouzheyoushulvyoulikaixizang。”yimingxizangguanshangxihaozhebiaoxian,“ruoshidafanweigaogongchengfuzhi,xizangzhuangmeifengjingtianranzaodaoyingxiang。shixiangyuantiaoxueshan,kandaodoushiguangfuban、gaoyadianwang,yijingjiumeile。”

   buguoyeyouguanshangzhe“haiyoupianhao”,yiweifengji、shuibayebushiweiguanshangshengdi。ru,sanxiadabayoulanquzai2007nianbeiguoduyoulanjupingweishoupiguodu5ajiyoulanjingqu,meiyiniankexishoushuwanrenguanshang。

   zaibifang,weiyubaxideyitaipushuidianzhantuichuleshuibazhoubianquanjingyou、waibufajidiantanmi、qichuanyejingyou、dengguangxiudengduotiaoxianlugonglvketiaoxuan。

   duilvkelaijiang,luobubaicaigeyousuoai,hennanshuoshuidianzhanshifensuilefengjing,rengshizhuangdianlemeijing。duixizangshibushikaipishuineng,zhengyiqidanzaitongsulvke。

   xizangshuidianfuzhidefoujuezhisheng,gengduolaizibendigongzhongjihuanbaozhuyizhe,yiweidabafuzhihuifensuiliuyushengtai。

   chengchizhetichu,shengtaiqingkuangyouchuzhifangfa。shuidianshuilijihuashexiangzongyuanfuzonggongchengshiwangangliangzairiqiantingzhidexizangshuidianchengzhangfuzhuangluntant.vhao.netshangzhichu,shuidiankaipiyouzhuyushuitusanshijiezhiheshengtaiguifu。dianzhanjianchenghou,shuimianzijijiangdafuzengtian,nenggouyouyongdixuejianheguweifengduishayuanderaodong,hainenggoujinbuheduandeshuiyuanxiuyanghediaoxugongxiao。

   yeyouzhuanjiayiwei,xizangshuidiankaipiheshiwoguolvsechengzhanglinian,jiangguangxianmingxianxuejianeryanghuatan、eryanghualiu、yanchendengjinghuawupaifang,youzhuyuwanchengjienengjianpaifangzhen。

   2.水电赛马圈地,开辟强度无限

  

   guoduduixizangshuidiankaipiyiyoujihua。genjuxizangshuidian“shisanwujihua”,dao2020nianxizangshuidianzhuangjirongliangwei310wanqianwa。

   lingjuxizangshuidianzhongchijiuchengzhangjihua,2025nianxizangshuidianzhuangjirongliangdaoda950wanqianwa;2030nianzhuangji2400wanqianwa;2050niangenjiwanchengxizangshuidiankaipi,zhuangji1.1yiqianwa。

   duishangshujihua,shuidianxingyeyecunzailiangzhonggainian:yishizuozuyantaohouzaibulv,yishiyantaoyukaipibingxing,bulvjiangqiuyige“kuai”zi。

   zhongguoshuilifadiangongchengxuehuiyuanchangwulishizhangjianmishuzhanglijugentanyan,xizangshuidiankaipihaobunengcuyongerqi,bunenggaodafanweikaipi,yaochenglizaiduiguoduhedaotimu、shuidianwaisongtimuchongshiyantaodegenbenshang。

   tazhichu:“xizangshuidiankaipi,dangjushizhudao,bingzhidianshichang。qiyegenjuzibenshezhizhuangbeibaisheshunyingshichang。shichangzhidianqiyekaipi,wanwanbuyaoyihongerqimangan,ruxushibuxiaoyide。zibenkaipiyaoxishuizhangliu,zheishilaozuzongliuxiadekeguicaichan,zanmenbubiranyaoquanshukaipiwan,yeyaojizisunernvliuyixie。”

   xizangshuidianqiyesaimaquandishiyu2003nian,baohanguodian、huadian、datang、huaneng、sanxiaheshuidianfuzhituantidengguoyoudianliqiyeqianhoujinzang。tingzhijinchao,yaluzangbujiangzhongyouxiaduandezangbushuidianzhan、linzhiniyangheshangdeduobushuidianzhandengyitouchan,zaijiandejiachahedaguyejiangzaizuijinjinianneiluocheng。

   xizangkaipitouzituantiwuxiangongsizongcaitanjiwenshufaleduixizangshuidiankaipidekeqiu,haolinggeqiyefangsongbulvqilai。“qiyukezaishengdonglidouqudeguodubutie,weidushuidianbu,shuidianzaibubutiedeqingkuangxiarengrannenggoubaocun。zheishenmingshuidianshiyouliangziben。”

   “xibuqishuiyanjunshizhengcezhishi,yeshilinshide。genzhetianxiadianlifuhezengjia,shuidianjiangchengweishouyaodezengliang。”tanjiwentongshitingzhidoudanliaoxiang,“xizangshizhengzhiminganqu,xizangwudashi,dashiyeshidashi,ruoshisichuanheyunnandeqishuifashengzaixizang,biranhuiyinfaguoduyouguanbufengaoduzhengshi。ruoshixizangchengxianyiliangwanqianwaqishui,shuidianzhengcebiankeyidaobichulaile。”

   tajinyibubiaoxian,xizangzhengzaitingzhidianqihuajihua。jinchaolasaliyongranqicainuan,jiaqianshangrengshiyouxiegui,ruoshijienajiheshidianqicainuan,duidianlidexuyaoliangjiangfanjifan。yucitongshi,xizangzhengmanmanpukaikuangyekaipi,zheishiyigegaohaonengcaichan,jiangjidajinbudianlifuhe。shiyi,gedianliqiyeyaojianghouqirenwuwangqiantui,dangguoduzhenzhengzhuanxingshi,shuidianyenenggendeshang。

   3.藏电外送,电价高、输电线路扶植难

  

   xizangshuinengchuzangliangfengshuo、bendishichangxuyaowuxian,jiubiding“waisong”shixizangshuidiandezuizhongqiantu。xizangshuidianchengzhangjihuakejianyiban:dao2020nianzangdianwaisong60wanqianwa,2025nian400wanqianwa,2030nian1620wanqianwa,2050nian1yiqianwa。

   jinchao,xizangjinyuqingzang、chuanzanglianwang,bielishixiningdaogeermudaolasa,yiwanchengbaiwanqianwadianlibaosongcaineng,sichuandaochangdouwancheng50wanqianwalianwang。

   duoweizhuanjiabiaoxian,zheiyuanyuanbugou。tegaoyadianwangfuzhishijueyi“zangdianwaisong”deguantou。danshixizangdichugaoyuan,tianranqingkuangjueduibeilie,youcifashengzhuduoduigongchengfuzhidedaomeishenfen,ruyeshenghejiqixiaolidexiajiang,juxishigongxiaolijinweibendidiyude30%。biede,xizanggonglu、tieludengjiaotonggenbenjucuobanfaruanruo,daxingzhuangbeijinruzangqunandujiaoda。

   gengshouyaodeshi,zangdiandianjiagaocaishinanyimengshouzhizhong,queshaoshichanghezuoli。

   sichuandaxuechuanshoumaguangwensuanleyibizhang,xizangdiyudiweipianpi、shehuijingjichengzhangdiaodui、tianqiqingkuangbeilie、dizhijiguandanren、jiaotongyunshujianku、shudianjiangezhang、fuzhijingyingbenqiangao,danyuanqianwazaojiagenjizai2wanyuanbaibu,benqiandianjiazuishaodaodale0.5yuan/qianwashi,zhenzhuoshudianbenqianhoudeluodidianjiayuemozai0.6yuan/qianwashiyishang,yuangaoyushoudianqujinchaoderanmeihuodianbiaogandianjiahejianglaidezengliangdianyuanjunyundianjia。

   zheirengshizaixiangyonglecaiwubokuan、cunkuanyouhuijishuifeijianmianzhengcedetiaojianxia。zenyangnengrangzangdianbianjia,maguangwenchangyi,guoduwuchangbokuan30%zhi40%,biankejianjieyouyongdixiajiangdianjia,bingshixing“jiyujiejingdonglidaijiadehaochutongxiangyuweixiangongtiaoshuidianshanggoudianjiagouchengjizhi”,diaohefa、shu、yongsanfanghaochu。

   “zangdianwaisongshijianglaijihua,erbaozhengwaibuxiaonazeshidangxiazhiji。”zhongguoshuilifadiangongchengxuehuifumishuzhangchendongpingshuo,jinchaozangdianqidanbudaodawaisongzengyuandejieguo,fanerdaokushuiqi,haiyaozaodaobianjiangdezengyuan。

   jinchaoshixingdeqingzanglianwang、chuanzanglianwang,congjihuadefangzhenshangkan,shouyaoshijianglaichuzhixizangneixudianlitimu,ruoshizhenzhengwanchengfanweixingzangdianwaisong,xuyaopeitaosongchudianyuankaipitongbutingzhi。

   lijugenyebiaoxian:“sichuan、yunnan、xizangyaofuzhihaobenshengbenqudepeitaodianwang,dianliyaoxianbenshenchidiao,zaiwaisong。”

   buguanshidianliwaisong、baozhengneixu,fuzhishuidianzhandoushiyouxuyaode。tanjiwencheng:“jibianjingjixingbugao,zanmenyeyaojian,youyuzheinengzanzhuxizangguominfuyuqilai。xizanggdpbangbian,90%shiguoduciyude,zhiyao10%shibenshenzhengde。xunmijingjizhizhufeichangshouyao,kuangye、youlanyeshizhiyizhier,shuidianjiangchengweizhisan。daisitiaohedaoquanshukaipi,qidannengwanchengzhifu,haihuifanbuguodu。”

 
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