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PPP巨灾保险典范情势

宣布日期:2018-05-25来历:收集来历编辑:张继蕊

[择要]

    shinianqian,wenchuanlvlilebajidadidong,jinqiwantongbaoyunan,jianjiejingjisangshigaoda8452yiyuan。keshididongtianbuta,dazaiyoudaai,tianxiaguominzhongqingyiju,kangzhenjiuzai,benridezaiquzaoyixinchengbadiqi,feixuhuanxinyan。shiniannangxile,fujinzhuixi,bujinrangrenganshangwanqian。juzaizuoweibukekanglishenfen,congweikuobiezanmen,nengfoujianliyigewanzhengdejuzaibaoxianguizhi,chanyangbaoxianzuoweiweixianbanlizhuyaodongxidegongxiao,zuodaozaiqianfangbei、zaishiyujing、zaihoutianbu,shiyigezhidemosuodezhuyaotimu。

   tanbaidishuo,shinianlai,zhongguojuzaibaoxianguizhizaimosuozhongbushiqianxing,gedilianxuzhankailechabieqingshidewuyiceyankaoshi。bifang2012niantou,yunnanbaojianju、yunnanshengdidongju、yunnancaijingdaxuehechengtaibaoxiangufenwuxiangongsidengdanyuanpeihezhankailedidongxianketiyantao,bingjiangyantaobaogao《yunnandidongbaoxianguizhigoujianjishixingyantao》shangbaozhongguodidongju。2015nian8yue20ri,tianxiashougezhengcexingnongfangdidongbaoxianshidianzaidalizhengshiqidong,yunnandalizhouzhengcexingdidongzhishubaoxianluodi,chengtaicaichanbaoxiangufenwuxiangongsiweizhuchengbaoren,zhongguocaichanzaibaoxianwuxiangongsiweishouxizaibaoren,shidianqi3nian。2016nianyunnan“5.18didong”hou3gerenwurinei,zhuchengbaorenchengtaicaichanbaoxiangufenwuxiangongsishixian 2800 wanyuanpeikuan,yihouyizhou,2178.4 wanyuanlipeizijinjiubofuzhishousunzuiyanjundeyunlongxian。dalizhouzhengcexingdidongzhishubaoxianzaishidianqineigongshixian3cilipei,leijipeifu 6353.76 wanyuan,huijidazhong15049hu。cizhong,zhongxiu2073hu,hujunzengtianzijin1.4zhi2.5wanyuan;buqijiagu12976 hu,hujunzengtianzijin0.1zhi0.2wanyuan,caiwuzijinganggansuoxiaoxiaoyinggaoda15.6bei。zaibifang2015nian4yue,45jiacaichanbaoxiangongsigouchengdezhongguochengxiangzhuminshidididongjuzaibaoxianpeihetixuanbuzhengshijianli,2016nian7yue1ri,zhongguochengxiangzhuminshidididongjuzaibaoxianchanwuzhouquanfamai,biaojizhewoguochengxiangzhuminshidididongjuzaibaoxianguizhizhengshiluodi。tingzhi2017nian8yue,zhongguochengzhenzhuminshidididongbaoxianyiwei 150 duowanhuzhumingongjikuayue670yiyuandeweixianbaozheng,chengbaobiaode19.8wange,baoxianjinegaoda188.75 yiyuan。chuciyiwai,guangdong、heilongjiang、ningbodengdiyechengxianlechabiebujudejuzaibaoxianchanwu,zhongguojuzaibaoxianshichangkaiduanfayu。

   keshi,woguojuzaibaoxianshichangrengbujianquan,guizhishexiangyejidaiwanmei,xiangxibiaoxianzaiyixiasangefangmian:yishidiquxingbaoxianchanwuhennanchanyangdashufalideganhua。dashufalishibaoxianchanwushenglijingyingdebaozheng,erjuzaihuigouchengdapitongzhideweixianbiaodetongshisuopei,shiyichuantongshangbeiyiweishibukechengbaodeweixian。keshi,ruoshiweixianchichongzupangzadehua,jiyingyelonggaiguimochongzuguang,neimoquanticengmiansuopeidexiangganxingjiuhuijiangluo,shiyibaoxianrennenggouchengbaojuzaiweixian。ershitianbuweizhudejuzaibaoxian,jibuliyongbaoxiangongsi、zaibaoxiangongsizaizaiqian、zaishideweixianbanlishouyi,yeqingyijifapindeweixiantimu。baoxiangongsi、zaibaoxiangongsizaizhankaiyingyedejinchengzhong,duijiledapiduiyuweixianbanlideshujuhejingsuanshouyi,nenggougongjiyixiefangzaidedasuan,tongshizaibiranshuipingshangzhanwangzainandeshihouheweizhi,yigewanzhengdejuzaibaoxiandasuanyingdangbaoluozaiqianfangbei、zaishiyujing,erbuzhishizaihoudetianbu。biede,tianbuweizhudejuzaibaoxianhuixiajiangchusuodangjuhezhuminfangzaideguli,tongshizhuminhuiyougulizaizaiqudezhizuo(bizheyiweizheileijingxiangxia,juzaiyingbubaoluorendeshangwang,eryingxiangnongzuowudegengzuo),dangjuzaibaoxiandegongjizhezaijuzaichanshenghoupianxiangyujianjie、wanzhengdetianbu,neimonenggouhuijifashixiandepindeweixiantimu。sanshidangjuhebaoxiangongsi、zaibaoxiangongsizaijuzaibaoxianzhongdejiaosedingweibuqingchu,zheiyeshijuzaibaoxianguizhifuzhizuidizidetimu。

   zaichanfazheigedizitimuzhiqian,zanmenxuyaoyinrudangjuheshehuibenqianxiezuo(public-private partnership, ppp)deguandian。pppdejiaodianluojishidangjubabenlaiqiyingdangmengshoudedizijucuocuoshihedazhongbanshichanwudechuchan,jingyouguochengyigechijiutiaoyuezhipeijiaojishehuibenqian。zhongguobenlaidejiuzaiyikaoyudangjudecaiwushouru,danruxuzuodequedianzaiyufangzaihejiuzaidejingjixiaolijiaodi,bingqiejianqingledangjudecaiwuchengdang,yenenggouhuijifapindeweixiantimu。ruoshiliyongpppdeguizhizhipei,dangjubajuzaiweixianbanlidebanshijiaojibaoxiangongsihezaibaoxiangongsi,neimojiunenggoutianbuzheixiequedian。

   congguojijinglikan,pppjuzaibaoxianyousanzhongdianfanqingshi:dangjudangbaoxianren,dangjudangjijinjingyingzhehedangjugongjizaibaoxian。diyizhongqingshiyimeiguoguodudashuibaoxianmingmu(nfip)weidaibiao,gaimingmuyoumeiguolianbangyingjibanlijubanli,maoyibaoxiangongsichengbao。dangjuyuminyingbaoxiangongsigaojun“yizishendemingyichengbaodasuan(wyo)”dexiezuo,youminyingbaoxiangongsifamaidashuibaoxiandan,baoxianbiaodeweichashoudashuibaoxiandasuandeshequshidihemaoyicaichan,suoshoubaoxianfeiquanshujianlidashuibaoxianjijin,dashuisangshipeifuhedaibanshulifamaiyongdujunchuzidashuibaoxianjijin。lianbangdangjutongyihuadingbaoxianfeilv,tongtongdewyogongsigongjiwanzhengfenqidechengbaofeilv。dashuibaoxiandeweixianxianshishangquanshuyoulianbangdangjuchengdang,baoxiangongsideganhuazhishifamaibaodan、lipeijidianfupeikuan,bingbuchengdangpeifuyiwu。gongyingbaoxiangongsijiangsuoshouqudebaofeiliuchuyongjinjubu,qiyudoushangjiaolianbangbaoxianbanliju。dierzhongqingshiyimoxigetianranzainanjijin(fonden)weidaibiao。moxigedangjukanxingzhuquanjuzaizhaiquan,jienashichangrongzijizhi,jianlifondenjuzaijijin。fondenjuzaijijinanzhaolianbanggusuanfaanniandulianbangshourugusuan0.4%tiqu,zhunianjiecun。fondenjuzaijijinyoufondenzaihouzhongxiujijinzhanghuhefondenfangzaijijinzhanghulianggegusuanzhanghugoucheng。cizhong,zhongxiujijinshizhugusuanzhanghu,nianguancanshengzijinde80%douhuitourudaofonden xinrenjijin,xinrenbaochoumoxigeguodugongchengjidazhongbanshiyinxing。xinrenjijinyongyuxiangbaoxiangongsifuchubaofei(bingqudesangshipeifu)hezainanshidezijinzhouzhuan,weiliyongdezijinjiangfanhaidaofondenxinrenzijin。nianguancanshengzijinde20%hefangzaizijinjiangtourudaofipredenfangzaixinrenjijin,youlianbangzhuanxiangjigouweizhoudangjuqingkuan。lianggejijindoujingyouguochengxinrenzhanghudegegefenzhanghulvxinggexianggongxiao,ruzhongxiumingmudesangshipingjia、zijinbokuan、mingmubanlihefangzaijijindeweixianpingjia、weixianjiezhidengbangzhurenwu。disanzhongqingshiyifaguozhongxinzaibaoxiangongsiweidaibiao。faguozhongxinzaibaoxiangongsi(ccr)shitianranzainanbaoxiandasuanlideguodudongliang。ccrshiyijiaguoyougongsi,zai“tianranzainanbaoxiantianbuguizhi”zhong,gongjiyoudangjubaoguandezaibaoheyue。suiranzaibaoxianzhangduanqiangpode(baoxiangongsiyenenggouheqiyusijiazaibaoxiangongsiqiandinghetan),keshiccrpingzhangyouhuideheyuetiaomujiqiguodubaoguanxiawuxiandingbaozhengcaineng,jubeihendaxishouli。

   neimo,zhongguoyingdangtiaoxuanshenmeyangdepppjuzaibaoxianqingshini?2016niannuobeierjingjixuejiangqudezheaolifu·hatechuanshoutichupppmingmuputongbaoluojucuocuoshizhizuohebanshigongjilianggejieduan。ruoshizhizuojucuocuoshidepinzhiqingyijianbie,dangongjibanshidepinzhinanyijianbie,neimochuantongdefenbaoqingshigenghao,cishipppfanerhuizhishiguofentouzi。xiangfan,ruoshizhizuojucuocuoshidepinzhibuqingyijianbie,danbanshigongjidepinzhiqingyijianbie,neimomingmudehubuxinghuizhishipppqingshigenghao,cishichuantongqingshihuichengxiantouziquefadetimu。keshi,pppjuzaibaoxianmingmubingbushiyongyuhatedexianshi,youyubaoxianzishenzuoweiweixianbanlibanshixingye,meifabianbiezhizuohebanshijieduan,ruoshinenggoubianbielianggejieduan,neimopinzhiyingdangdoubuqingyijianbie。

   keshi,pppshiyigechijiuxiezuodeqingshi,jianglaidebukendingxingjiaogao,erdijiezuoquandezhuti,buguanshidangjuheshehuibenqiandoushiwuxianganxingde,liangbiandexinxiyeyidingduicheng,zaijiashangbaoxiantiaoyuezishendepangzaxing,dangjuhebaoxiangongsi、zaibaoxiangongsixianshishanggaojundeshibuwanzhengzuoquan。buwanzhengzuoquancunjuanzaixieshangdeguizhishexiang,keshizaixieshangyizhiyudiancuanzuoquan,doushiyoubenqiande,2014niannuobeierjingjixuejiangqudezherang·tiruoerchuanshouguijieweiyuganbenqian、diyuebenqian、zhengmingbenqian,erzheixiebenqianwuyishishehuiquantifulidesangshi。shiyi,buguanzuichujienahezhongpppjuzaibaoxianqingshi,yingdangduizhibaoxiangongsihezaibaoxiangongsideshichangzhutiweizhi,zhenzhengbayingyezhuanrangdaoshehuibenqianyice,erdangjuzechanyangchangfucainengjixihexuyaorongzizhipeideliangzhonggongxiao,quebaopppjuzaibaoxianxingwenzhiyuan。

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