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城投转型之痛!

颁布发表日期:2018-07-03来历:收集来历编辑:张继蕊

[择要]

   hou43haowenqijian,zaiguodujinyibushenrutourongzixitongtilidingxin、jiasuguoyouqiyeshichanghuadingxinhebushibiaozhunchusuodangjuxingzhaiquanbanlidengyanjunzhengcebeijingzhixia,duodidangjufenyunchutai“duiyuzengjindangjutourongzipingtai(jianchengpingtaigongsihuochengtouhuogongsi)dingxinliyizhuanxingchengzhang”dezhidiandingjian,mianduizhengcedaobi,gedipingtaigongsizhudongmosuobenshenzhuanxingchengzhangzhidao。

   zhanzaixindehanqingdongshendian,zaidangjuyushichangdeliangzhongyalizhixia,mianduizhe“waiyouzhengcexianding、neiyouchengzhangqingqiu”deyanjunxianshi,zhudongzhuiqiuzhuanxingjiangchengweijinhoudangjutourongzipingtaideyidingtiaoxuan。keshi,zhuanxingzhilubingbushijiuerjiuzhikeyihuoxuwanchengde,chengtouzhengzaimengshouzhuanxingzhitong,qizaituidonggenbenxingdongcuoshifuzhi、xinxingchengzhenhuahecaichanjinjidengfangmianchanyangdezhudongganhuashibushikeyanxu,gedichengtoushibushinengzouchuyitiaojishiyingjinhouzhengceqingqiuyouheshidiyuxianshidetedianzhuanxingzhilu,zhideqiecuoheyantao。

   城投汗青

   1994nianzhongxindangjufengxingcaishuiguizhidingxinhou,gouchenglechusuodangjudecaiquanheshiquandeyanjunbuhunpei。tongshishou1995nianshixingde《zhonghuaguomingongheguogusuanfa》xianding,chusuodangjubudekanxingchusuodangjuzhaiquan。weijiasuchusuojingjichengzhang,zhankaidapidechengshigenbenxingdongcuoshiheshizhenggongyongqijifuzhi,gejichusuodangjuyouzhejiliederongziniantouyichuzhidafanweidechengjianzijinquekoutimu。zuoweitebiehanqingqijiandechanpin,cong1994nianzhi2016niandeershiduonianshihouli,chusuodangjutourongzipingtaizuoweichusuodangjuxingzhaiquanrongzidezhuqudao,weiwoguochengshichengzhangjichengzhenhuafuzhichanyanglepangdaganhua。xishuzuijinjinianlaiduodichengshimiankongdeyanjungaibian,dangjutourongzipingtaigongbukemei。

   keshi,yinweichusuodangjutourongzipingtaideqingshiheganhuadetebiexing,jiashangjinchaowoguoduichusuodangjutourongzipingtaidefalingjianshijizhidequedianhezhihou,zaihenzhangyiduanshihounei,chusuodangjuduidangjutourongzipingtaidejianshicunzaimangqu,chusuodangjuchengjiantourongzijixicunzaiqueshi,zheizaikeguanshangzizhanglechusuodangjutourongzipingtaidewuxunaizhimanhengdezengtian,jinerjiadalechusuodangjuzhaiquanweixian,jianqinglechanshengdiyuxing、xitongxingjinrongweixiandeyinhuan。

   转型痛点

   痛点一:不转难,转亦难

   zi2017nian1yuechu,xiangganjubuyifawenzeneimengguzizhiqu、henan、zhongqing、sichuandengdijubuxianshishoufaweiguijuzhai、baoguanxingdong,bingyifachuzhigetiqiyehejinrongjigoushoufaweiguixingdong。

   caiyu50haowen、caiyu87haowenshizaixingusuanfaheguoban43haowenjinhou,duiyuanyouzhengcedezhongshenhekuada,yeshiduijinjinianjingchangshiyongdejuzhai“pianmen”deshoujinhebiaozhun,duidangjutourongzipingtaieryan,yituochuantongqingshibaocundekongjianyulaiyuxiao,xuyaojiasuzhuanxingchengzhangbudiao,buzhuandejieguojiangshishushoudaibi。

   2014nian10yue,《guowuyuanduiyuzengqiangchusuodangjuxingzhaiquanbanlidedingjian》(xiacheng43haowen)duiwaifabu,mingbaidangjuzhaiquanderongzizhutijinweidangjujiqijubu,bolirongzipingtaigongsidedangjurongzigongxiao。zaijiu43haowendajizhewenzhong,caiwubuguanyuantichurongzipingtaidesantiaozhuanxingluzi:duimaoyidichankaipidengyunyingmingmu,yaoyudangjutuogou,wanzhengtuixiangshichang,zhaiquanzhuanhuaweiputongqiyezhai;duigongshui、gongqi、zhazichuzhidengyouyidingshouyidegongyimingmu,zhudongfengxingpppqingshi,zhaiquanyoumingmugongsijujieyulechang,dangjugenjushiqianshangdingciyutexuyunyingquan、dangjubutie,dangjubuzaichengdangchangzhaiyiwu;duiwushouyidegongyimingmu,rubaozhengxingzhufang、gonglu、shuili、tuchudengwushouyidemingmu,henanyixishoushehuibenqiandeyouyidingshouyidegongyimingmu,yingfachusuodangjuzhai(putongdangjuzhai、zhuanxiangzhaiquan),youdangjutingzhizhaiquanrongzi,rongzipingtaiqingsuanjiaru。

   xinrenlieweiyejieduzheduishangshucaiwujuguanyuandehuifubingbumusheng。chusuodangjutourongzipingtaizhuanxingzhilukansihenshiqingchu,danbizhegenjuduodidiaoyanfaming,yinweijibie(shengshixian)chabie、fanweichabie、shichanghuagenbenchabie、dangjuchengchiliduchabie、hediyujingjihebenqiantianbingchabiedenghuanjingdecunzai,gedidangjutourongzipingtaidezhuanxingbiaodemudehezhuanxingnandianchengshibujinbuyi,shidegeditourongzipingtaidezhuanxingzhiluzoudefanzaohecangmang。xindezhengcebeijingzhixia,ruohezhuanxing?zhuanxingdeqierudianhuochongpokouzaineili?keyihuoxuhuimianduidefangaiyounaxieheruohehuajie?yixiliedelashoutimuduanshihouneiyounanyizhaodaozhunquedemidi,gedidangjutourongzipingtaidezhuanxingzhiluxingdongweijian。

   痛点二:资产不实,外强内弱

   pingtaigongsizichanbushi,youyongzichankuifa,tuqibiaoxianzaiyixiasangefangmian:qiyi,dadadouzichansuiyihuazhuanzhipingtaigongsimingxia,kansizuoyongbaiyihuoqianyizichan,danwanbenqianseguankongdeyouliangzichanyoujiduo?liangduohuanjingxiabingbujubeixianshijiezhiquan,gouchenggongsikongyouzichan,quewushouyidejinkuang,zichancunzailiuyuqingshi,shidechengtoumeifazou“ziwoyunying、ziwoqianzhai、ziwochengzhang”demaoyihuayunzuoluzi。qier,dadadoupingtaigongsiyudangjuzhijiandelaiwangkuanyidangjuyingshouzhangkuanguazhang,dangjuhaikuanbukendingxingda,gouchenggongsizichanbushi。qisan,pingtaigongsizichanzhongyigongyixingzichanweizhu,yunyingxingzichanxianshizhanbibuda,xianjinliuchanshengchihuan,zaoxuexingnengkuifa。

   chengtoubunengwanchengduizichandebenseguankong,“waiqiangneiruo”dezhuangkuangruowuligaibian,zhuanxingzhilujiutongdengyijufeihua。

   痛点三:看似企业,实则局部

   pingtaigongsixingzhenghuabanliyanjun,chenglejianjudangjujubu、qijidanyuan、shichangqiyesanzhongshenfende“duomianren”。dangjuyupingtaigongsiganxishulihaibudaowei,genjigenjudangjujubuxingzhenghuaqingshibanli,gongsigenjudangjuzhilingbanshi,qiyeshichangzhutiweizhihaibuzhenzhunchengli。gongsiqueshaoziliyunyingbanliquan,congerzhishiqiyehuoqi、dizaoliheshichangxiezuolijiangluo。xianshishimingzhongchangchangbiaoxianwei,mingmufuzhizhipeishimingshigenjudangjujubushixing,shixingdangjubennengjinengchanshenggezhongyongdu、benqianhechikuishi,youyouqiyebenshenchengdang。pingtaigongsishizhishangshijubeizilifarenzilidejingjishiti,zuoweishichangzhuti,yinggenjugongsijueyijihuaxitongyunzuo;tongshi,zuoweichusuoguoyouqiye,yaoheshiguoziguoqijianshibanlidexiliewenjianqingqiu,jieguandangjujixiangganjubudedailingyujianshi。erjinchaodangjuduipingtaigongsidebanli,genjigenjudangjujubuxingzhenghuabanliqingshi,weinengmixinjiedingchuzirenjixibianjing,buzuohaocuchengzhanghefangweixiandejunheng,queshaoyunyingbanliquan,congerzhishipingtaigongsiqiyehuoqi、dizaoliheshichangxiezuolijiangluo。

   pingtaigongsiwaibubanliguihua“shiling”,dongshihui、jianshihuidoushelicunzai,yishifazeyexiangyingpeitao,guizhiyehenqibei,keshixianshishangdongshihui、jianshihuizhenshidebennengjinengheganhuabuchanyangchulai,xingtongxushe,fazeheguizhiyezhidouliuzaizhimian,qiyegaocengbanlizhiyuanjueyijihuaquanbeiruohua。

   bizheyixiangchangdao,dangjutourongzipingtaidezhuanxingzhongyaozhunshengyingshi“shichanghua”zhunsheng,ershichanghuadezhongyaoshimingbuzaixiangxideshichanghuayunzuoqingshideshexiangheshixing,erzaiyudangjuhuoyixiangyilaizhuguanpingtaidejiaodiandangjudailingkeyihuoxuzhengzhenrenqingqingshi,kanqingquxiang,gaibiankanfa,shizaiduipingtaigongsifengxing“quxingzhenghua”,haipingtaigongsiyifaziliyunyingdequanlihezizaihuxidekongjian。

   痛点四:欠债前行,转型隐痛

   zaichusuocailiwulizhichi,dishi、qu、xianjidangjubenshenjuzhaiqueshaoquanxianhebiaozhunqudaodehuanjingxia,pingtaiqingshichengweibudeyiyezuibianlidechusuodangjurongziqudao。pingtaigongsizuijinjinianlaizhongyaoshixingdangjurongbenqiannengjineng,queshaoyunyingxingxianjinliu,yindangjuzhaiquanzhihuaneduwuxian,cunliangzhaiquanlechangzhinengyituojiexinhaijiu,xinjianmingmuderongzishimingruoyanxuzengtian,zhaiquanleijiadefulijieguojianghuishanxian,jinerzhishizhaiquanyuejisujilei,gouchengjiaozhongdezhaiquanleizhui。dadadoupingtaigongsiguowangyiduchuyu“zhirongzifuzhi、wuxianshibaoda”dezhuangkuang,ruoshijinjinyituojinchaofeibodanbodezhichudengluzichangzhaizhineng“beishuichexin”,jinchaozhongyaokao“jiexinhaijiu”qingshijiannanbaochi,gongsizaibuzaoxuegongxiaodetongshiyoubushishixue,qianfuweixianjiaoda。

   jinchaowoguochusuodangjuzhaiquandefanwei,yifashizhichusuodangjuzhaiquan,heqingsuanjianbierendingde2014niandifeidangjuzhaiquanqingshicunliangdangjuzhaiquan。2015nian1yue1rixingusuanfashixingjinhou,chusuoguoyouqiye(baohanrongzipingtaigongsi)jujiedezhaiquanyifabushuyudangjuzhaiquan,qijujiedezhaiquanyouguoyouqiyedanrenlechang,chusuodangjubuchengdanglechangyiwu,chusuodangjuzuoweichuziren,zaichuzifanweineichengdangwuxianyiwu。zaicihuadingzhixia,xiangzhengzhepingtaigongsijiangbeifuzheyidingfanweidechusuodangjuzhaiquanzhuanxingqianxing,huajiecunliangzhaiquanjiangchengweipingtaigongsizhuanxingdezhongyaofangai,yiweizhuanxingdezhongyaofangzhenzhiyi。

   yinyuedetong,zhinenglengjingmengshou。

   痛点五:人材之困,成长困难

   pingtaigongsidezhuanxingchengzhangshiyigexitonggongcheng。duonianjiuyouxingzhengbanlixitongtilijizhixiayunzuo,gouchengjinchaodadadoupingtaigongsihaibuchengliqishichanghuadexuanrenyongrenjizhi,zhuanyezhiyuanqueshao。buyizhiqiangwuliderencaituandui,zaihaodezhuanxingsixuyezhinengshipushuomilimeifaluodi。mianduijiannandezhuanxingzhongdan,pingtaigongsiqueshaodapijinrong、caihui、faling、gongchengdengfangmiandezhuanyezhiyuanjifuhexingrencai,rencaidechuxu、peiyu、renyongxitonghaibuchengli,erzheidaoshijinchaodadadoupingtaigongsizhuanxingchengzhangmianduidezhongyaoduanban,hejixuzhenzhuobingzaijianglaizhuanxingjinchengzhongchuzhidekunnanzhiyi。“tongzai,jizai”!

   转型路在何方

   woguotourongzixitongtilicong2014nianyilaichanshengleshenrubiangeng。nangxipingtaigongsiweichusuogenbenxingdongcuoshijijingjichengzhangdejinxianbukexiaoshi,keshizaixindezhengcebeijingzhixia,pingtaigongsiruoshirenggenjunangxidebennengjinengdingweihebanliqingshichengzhang,mianduirongzijirencaikunju,yidingbukeyanxu。gejichusuodangjuyingdangshumucunguang,tizaojingying,congtoudingwei,zhengtiguihua,zhuozhuzhengcejiyuanhezhuanxingchengzhangchuangkouqi,zhanzaixindedongshendianhegaodu,xishouyouyidiyupingtaigongsizhuanxingchengzhangjingli,duipingtaigongsijianglaichengzhangtingzhixinyilundedingcengshexiang。

   zuozhe:xuhongyu、xuhengxi、wangyannanjingruilifangtouzizhengxunwuxiangongsi

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