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平台公司在ppp收紧情况下的转型机缘

宣布日期:2017-12-18来历:收集来历编辑:张继蕊

[择要]

   woguodangjutourongzipingtaigongsifashengyushangshiji80nianyuemo90nianyuechu,weigenghaowanchengdangjujingyingdouhuidegongxiao,guowuyuanqingqiudangjutourongzitixitilitingzhidingxin,jichusuodangjubuzaijianjiedanrengenbenjucuocuoshifuzhi,ershijiangcileifuzhigoudanggongsihua,youcicuishengledangjutourongzipingtaigongsidechengli。erhoude2002nian,yizhongqing、shanghaiweidaibiaodedouhuifashengleyipidangjutourongzipingtaigongsi,bingqiezaichuzhiyixieyanjunmingmuderongzijiankuzhongchanyangleshouyaodeganhua,zaizheileibeijingxia,gegechusuodangjufenyunjianjiehexiaofanglaichenglibenshendepingtaigongsi,ruxudebeijingcushidangjutourongzipingtaigongsiminjietuqi。erpingtaigongsidezhenzhengfanhuashiyu2008nianxiabannian,zai4wanyitouzidezhengcechutaihou,dangjutourongzipingtaigongsideshumuchengxianlemengliedezengtian,erhoupingtaigongsiyanxudinglijisuchengzhang,jukaiduantongji,jinrongweijibengfahouchenglilekuaiyao5000gepingtaigongsi。ruxudefanhuayixiangyanxudao2013nian,tianxiadangjuxingzhaiquanshenjichengguofamingtianxiadangjufuyouqizhongdeyiwuzhaiquan,guodushuxidaopingtaidezhaiquanjuyoudangjubaoguanguoliang,rongzipingtaiqianzhaitaigao、zijintouxiangbuqingchu,zengtianledangjudeyinxingqianzhaidengweixianbingjidangjudailaileyanjundecaizhengchengdang,youcichutaide43haowendengwenjiandecushipingtaigongsitingzhizhuanxing。

   nenggouhuoxukanchu,dangjutourongzipingtaidefashenghejinchaodechengzhangqingkuangnenggouhuoxufenweisangejieduan,diyijieduanshichushichengzhangjieduan,pingtaigongsichengdangweidangjuchouzidegongxiaobingdanrenhuyingdegenbenjucuocuoshifuzhi,cishipingtaigongsidezhaiquanyoudangjulechanghuojingyoujinchengchumaidangjuhuabodedipantingzhilechang;dierjieduanshipingtaigongsiqitouzhuanxingdejieduan,zaishuxidaopingtaigongsibunengjinjinyituodangjuhuabozijintingzhihaizhaihou,liangduopingtaigongsiqitouzhuiqiugengguangdezijinlaili,cishidepingtaigongsiqitouyoulechudipanzhichuwaidezhichubifanggaobaifeideng,keshimianduijuedezhaiquaneryanqizhichulailifangzhaozhaojiubinikuifa;disanjieduanshipingtaigongsidezhouquanzhuanxingjieduan,cishipingtaigongsizhudonghuyingguoduzhengce,jinliwanchengchanronglianxi,zengqiangbenshendezaoxuegongxiao,zengdajingyingxingzhichudelailiyicilailechangqizhaiquan。

   chusuorongzipingtaigongsijuzhairongzishouyaoyongyuchusuozhipeidebaozhengxinganjugongcheng、xiangcunminshenggongcheng、genbenjucuocuoshidenggongyixingmingmufuzhi,ercikedangjutourongzipingtaigongsizhengchuyuzhouquanzhuanxingdeqijian,jinlidazaobenshendejiaodianyingyeyiqudebubiandezhichulailishipingtaigongsishimingdezhongdian。

   er、pppdechengzhanghejinkuang

   (yi)pppjianjie

   ppp(public-private-partnership),jidangjuyushehuibenqianxiezuoqingshi,zhideshidangjuyushehuibenqianjingyoujinchengxiezuolaigongjidazhongpinhuobanshideyizhongtili。xiayidepppshizhidazhongjubuyugongyingjubuweigongjidazhongchanwuhuobanshierchenglidegeleixiezuoganxi,xiangxikefenweiwaibao、texujingyinghegongyouhuasanlei。xiayipppjinzhidangjuyugongyingjubuyiheguzujiangongsideqingshizhengkaixiezuo,tongxiangshouyi,gongdanweixian。

   woguotuixingdepppmingmuyunzuoqingshibaohano&m,mc,bot,tot,rot,boodengduopinzhongxing,kejianwoguoguanfangdepppyingweixiayippp。zongguanwoguoquanbupppdechengzhangjincheng,xiangxifenweiwugejieduan,ji1、shangshiji80nianyuezhongqidao1993niandemosuojieduan;2、1994niandao2002niandeshidianjieduan;3、2003niandao2008niandetuixingjieduan;4、2009niandao2012niandepinpinjieduan;5、2013nianzhijindejinbujieduan。

   keshicong2013nianzhijin,pppmingmubengfashizengtianshidepingtaigongsidezhaiquanyanxuzengtian,youcifashengdeyixilietimujifalegeleibaibandeweixian,shujuxianxian,tingzhi2017nian9yuewei,tianxiarukumingmuyiyou14220ge,touzie17.8wanyiyuan,rusigaosudezengtianshidedangjuzhaiquanweixianmengzeng,xiangxilaikanshouyaoticikeyixiajidian:1、zhengceluoshibudaowei:duipppmingmucaizhengzhichuyiwubudekuayuebendicaizhenggusuanzhichu10%dehuading,yixiediyubaguanbuyan、lvxingbuli,youdediyupppmingmudecaizhengzhichuyiwuyikaojin10%dehongxian,getichusuoyikuayue10%;2、hunheguandian,jixijianku:youdediyuhunhelepppqingshiyuqiyufuzhiqingshideguandian,jiangpppqingshijianlvehuazuoweidangjudeyizhongtourongzishouwandinglichengzhanggeleifuzhimingmu,zijuechengzhangshidefanweijuzengyoucizhishipppdejixibiandeyuefajianku;3、minyingqiyedaochangshuipingdi,dangjubianxiangdoudi:jutongji,jinchaodegeleipppmingmuzhong,dajubutouzilailiyuyangqi,minyingqiyededaochangduhendi,pppdechuzhishicaozongshehuibenqianlaigenghaotingzhidazhongchanwuhebanshidegongji,ershehuibenqiandaochangdudixiayoucizhishipppdebenseyiranshidangjutingzhizhaiquanlechang,bingbuchanyangpppdeshizhiganhua。

   (er)yupppyouguandezhengcehejihui

   2014nian9yue21ri《guowuyuanduizengqiangchusuodangjuxingzhaiquanbanlidedingjian》(guofa[2014]43hao)bimuledangjurongzipingtaishiqi,kaiqileyigepppshiqi。wenjiandechutaibolilepingtaigongsidedangjurongbenqiannengjineng,zhizaiduandaoxiumingqu,tuixingcaozongpppqingshi,kuadachusuodangjuyaochenglishishiqiushidekanfa,youduodacainengbanduodashi。

   2014nian11yuecaizhengbu《dangjuheshehuibenqianxiezuoqingshicaozongzhinan(shixing)》he12yuefagaiwei《duizhankaidangjuheshehuibenqianxiezuodezhidiandingjian》congmingmucaozongliucheng、liyijinrongchengchidengduotiaoliduojiaoduzhidianpppmingmuyunzuoshixing,biaojizhepppzhengcongxianshizouxiangxianshi。

   2017nian4yue6ri,caizhengbudengliujubu《duijinyibubiaozhunchusuodangjujuzhairongzixingdongdegaosu》(caiyu[2017]50hao)jinyibubiaozhunppp,cizhongchusuodangjubudeyijiadaizijinchuzisheligeleitouzijijin,yanjinchusuodangjucaozongppp、dangjuchuzidegeleitouzijijindengtilishoufaweiguibianxiangjuzhai,chuguowuyuanhaiyouhuadingwai,chusuodangjujiqisuoshujubudaochangpppmingmu、shelidangjuchuzidegeleitouzijijinshi,budeyirenhetilixunuohuigoushehuibenqianfangdetoubenqianjin,budeyirenhetilichengdangshehuibenqianfangdetoubenqianjinsangshi,budeyirenhetilixiangshehuibenqianfangxunuozuidishouyi,budeduiwuxianheguzhijijindengrenheguquantouzitiliedingfujiatiaomubianxiangjuzhai。

   2017nian5yue28ri,caizhengbu《duiguoduanbimianchusuoyidangjucaibanbanshimingyishoufaweiguirongzidegaosu》(caiyu[2017]87hao)zhonghuadingyankuanzhaohuadingfanweishixingdangjucaibanbanshi,jiang“huose”、“gongcheng”he“rongzibanshi”guirudangjucaibanbanshifumianqingdan;yankubiaozhundangjucaibanbanshigusuanbanli,mingbaidangjucaibanbanshi“xiangusuanhoucaiban”dezhunsheng;yanjincaozonghuoxunidangjucaibanbanshitiaoyueshoufaweiguirongzi,chusuodangjujiqijububudecaozonghuoxunidangjucaibanbanshitiaoyueweifuzhigongchengbianxiangjuzhai、xiangfeijinrongjigoutingzhirongzi、zanzhurongzipingtaigongsidengqiyerongzi。mingbaidangjucaibanbanshiderongzizhutishidangjucaibanbanshidechengjiezhuti,erbushidangju。

   2017nian11yue1ri,zaishanghaizhaokaidedisanjieppprongzifuzhuangfuzhuangfuzhuangluntant.vhao.nett.vhao.nett.vhao.netzhongcaizhengbujinrongsisizhangwangyitidao,jianggouzaozhankaipppmingmukujiheqingsuan,duibujuyouqiantihebubiaozhunzhankai“lianggelunzheng”demingmu,chugeshibujuyoudazhongchanwushuxing、benqianjinbudaoweihuobenqianjinchuantouhoubushiheqiantideheguofenyikaodangjufufeidepppmingmuyuyitichu。cishidepppjinruganxingchengzhangjieduan,congfenliangxiangzhongzhibiaodemudechengzhang。

   2017nian11yue10ricaizhengbu《duibiaozhundangjuheshehuibenqianxiezuo(ppp)zonghexinxipingtaimingmukubanlidegaosu》(caibanjin〔2017〕92hao)jinyibubiaozhunlepppmingmuyunzuo,tichuyankuxinmingmurukubiaozhun,duibushihejienapppqingshishixing、houqichoubanshimingbudaowei、weichenglianxiaofufeijizhibuderuku,weianhuadingzhankai“lianggelunzheng”、buyiyanxujienapppqingshishixing、bushihebiaozhunyunzuoqingqiu、zuchengshoufaweiguijuzhaibaoguan、weianhuadingtingzhixinxigongrandengdepppmingmutingzhijiheqingsuan。

   2017nian11yue21riguoziwei《duizengqiangzhongxinqiyeppp yingyeweixianguankongdegaosu》(guozifajiaguan[2017]192hao)kuada“bensedayuqingshi”laizengqiangduiyangqipppdeweixianguankong。bieliduijimouyinling、tuantiguankong、zhunruqianti、mingmupinzhi、fanweijiezhi、zhaiquanweixian、xiezuozhipei、weixiangongdantingzhilehuading,cizhongjingtouzixiaxianhuadingyangqiduipppmingmudejingtouzibudekuayueshangniandutuantiguibingjingzichande50%,duituantitongyishenpipppyingye,zichanqianzhailvgaoyu85%dezigongsibudezhankaipppyingye。

   nenggouhuoxukanchu,geleizhengceduipppdeguankongmanmanbianjin,youqitoudedinglichengchidaoerlaidegeleizhunruqiantidesheli、weixianguankongdezengqianghejiheqingsuandeshixing,pppzhengzaibushishoujin。

   san、pppyupingtaigongsizhuanxing

   conghanqinglichenglaikan,2014nianyilaichutaide43hao、88hao、50haohe87haowenbushiqianghuaduichusuozhaiquanbanlidelidu,mingbaihuadingxianshishangxinfadechengtouzhaibuzaishuyudangjuzhaiquan,geleiwenjiandoubiaozhunlepingtaigongsiderongzitili,zengqianggeleizhaiquandebanliyishoujinpingtaigongsidegeleirongzi。erzuijinjinianlai,yinweipppjuyoupangdadeshangfeng,genzheguojitourongzitixitilidingxindebushishenqie,yulaiyuduodegenbenjucuocuoshihedazhongbanshifanchoumingmugaibianweipppmingmu,bingqiedianmosiniandexingwangchengzhang,tingzhi2017nian9yuewei,tianxiappprukumingmusuanji14220ge,leijitouzieda17.8wanyiyuan。nenggouhuoxushuo,woguoyichengweihuanqiufanweizuida、zuijuyingxianglidepppshichang。danzaijisuchengzhangjinchengzhong,yixiechusuolanyongpppqingshi、naizhijiepppqingshibianxiangrongzidengbubiaozhuncaozongdetimuriqutuxian,jiadalechusuodangjuyinxingzhaiquanweixian。bennian11yue16riqitouhoudeshitiannei,caizhengbubiaozhunpppmingmukubanlide92haowen、yixingsanhuideziguanxinguiheguoziweizengqiangzhongxinqiyepppyingyeweixianguankongde192haowen,bielicongmingmukubanli、rongzixingdongheyangqicaozongdengchabiejiaodu,biaozhunpppmingmuyunzuo,zengqiangpppfanchouweixianguankong,congchusuodangjuheyangqijiaodukuadatifangppptonghuaweichusuodangjuxinderongzipingtaihebimiantuigaoyangqidezhaiquanweixian,yifangmianyaoqingsuanmingmukuzhongchusuodangjuweiguijuzhaibaoguanhebubiaozhunyunzuomingmu,yifangmianyaoyangqizuohaoshixianjingjixingpingjiaheyankufanweijiezhi。

   guranzuijinjinianlaipppzhengzaijisuchengzhang,dancongxianshilaikan,pppmingmudeshixingduipingtaigongsidezhuanxingyirancunzaiyixiezhangai,xiangxilaikanticike:

   1、pppmingmugouchengdedezichanhezhichuweinenggailiangpingtaigongsidecaizhengshuju

   guranpppmingmuzengjinlepingtaigongsidegenbenjucuocuoshihegongyongqijitouzijingyingdeshichanghua,jingyoujinchengzhuanyehuajingyingnenggouhuoxuyouyongxiajianggeleikaipibenqianbingjinbushouyilv,keshixianshicaozongzhong,youdemingmushehuibenqianjuyoutaigaodebizhong,zhishipingtaigongsibingbunengqudekeguandezhichu,ermingmudezichanyebunengbingrupingtaigongsidebaobiaoyiluhesuan,zaimingmuwanchenghou,pingtaigongsinenggouzhinengqudehenshaodefenchengzhichu。zheiduipingtaigongsidinglichengzhangbenshenjingyingyingyejinbuzaoxuegongxiaofashenglejidadezhangai,zhishipingtaigongsitouruliangduokeshijianxiaoshenwei,nenggouhuoxushuoshideshixiangdang。

   2、shehuibenqiandaochangguoshao,dangjubenqianrengzhandatou

   guranyoudemingmushehuibenqianjuyoujigaodebizhong,keshiduihendayijubumingmueryan,shehuibenqiandedaochangduhendi。yifangmianlaikan,yinweipppmingmukerizhang,erzaimingmushixingjinchengzhongnenggoumianduidangjuhuanjiezhishipppmingmudehouxufufeijianku、lvxingjiankudengtimu,lingwaiyinweippptouxiangdeshigongyixinghuobangongyixingdegenbenjucuocuoshifuzhimingmu,jishehuibenqiandailaideshouyibingbufengfushiyixishouliyebugou,zhishishehuibenqianduipppmingmuwangershengwei,lingwaiyifangmian,youdepppmingmudezhaobiaoqingqiutaigaozhishiyixiefanweijiaoxiaodeshehuibenqiansuixiangdaochangkeshiqueshouxianyumingmudegaomenkanqingqiu,youcizhishixianshizhongpppmingmuzhandatoudehaishidangjubenqian,zheiyucaozonggongsipeihedeqingshiqiaodongjuliangshehuibenqian,yizanzhupingtaigongsiqudegengduozijinlailicongershunsuizhuanxingdechuzhijieranbutong。yinweishehuibenqianduitouzipppderedubingbugao,rongzipingtaixiangshehuibenqianbuguanshiqianzhairongzihaishizichanzhengquanhuarongzidoubuhuiyouyongzhaomudaokeguandezijin,zhishipppmingmuzhongdadadouhaishidangjutouru,duipingtaigongsidezhuanxingbingyouyichu。

   si、pingtaigongsidezhuanxingjigou

   1、wanmeigongsibanlibuju。

   pppmingmudeguankongbushishoujin,pingtaigongsibenshendebanlibujuyeyingzuochuhuyingdiaoji。pingtaigongsiyinganzhaoxiangganfalinghegeleiwenjiandeqingqiu,jianquanbenshendefarenbanlibuju,binganzhaoxuyaoshelitedidejubu,yinjinzhuanyehuadebanlizhiyuan,yishihepppyingyedebushishoujinerduitourongzipingtaigongsizuochuyouyongdejueyijihua、banlideqingqiu。

   2、gongdaozhuanyizhaiquanheweixian。

   jinchaodepppmingmubenqianbujuzhong,haishidangjubenqianzhandadou,ruzhenzhengzhankaipppmingmu,pingtaigongsiyingzhongshizaidaochangpppmingmushibuyaochengdangtaizhongdechangzhaishiming,lianxixiangxizhengceyouyongcaozongpppmingmudetezheng,zhongshiqiaodongjuliangshehuibenqian,zanzhupingtaigongsiqudegengduozijinlaili,congergongdaozhuanyizhaiquanchengdang,zuodaozhenshideweixiangongdan。 

   3、tiaoxuanbingshexiangshihedemingmu

   yinweijinchaozaimingmushixingzhong,minyingbenqianzhanbihenshao,shiyixuyaozaipppmingmushexiangshizhenzhuoquantijishehuibenqiantouzizhedailaidebaoda,shiqidaodachongzudexishouli。lingwainenggouhuoxuyizhaozhaobiaodetilitingzhituixiao,jinchaopppmingmunenggouhuoxuheyongdangjutuixiaolvlidingdegeleituixiaotili,ruzhaozhaobiaotuixiao、shangliangxingtuixiaodengdeng,danjienazhaozhaobiaodetilikechongshichanyangshichangxiezuoshangfeng,youyiyupingtaigongsijinyibuxiajiangbenqian,xunmishihedexiezuohuoban。

   4、gongdaojihuayingye

   chusuodangjurongzipingtaigongsibunengzuoweidangjufanghuobenqianfangdaochangpppmingmu,keshibolidangjuxingzhaiquan、bingxunuobuzaichengdangrongzipingtaibennengjinengdebendirongzipingtaigongsi,shidaochangpppmingmuyouyidexiezuozhe。youdepingtaigongsinenggouhuoxuzhenzhuojiarupingtai,yigenghaodaochangshichanghuaxiezuo,congerwanchengshunsuizhuanxing。

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