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做好体裁类根本举措方法PPP名目的3大窘境及5大破局之法

宣布日期:2018-03-20来历:收集来历编辑:张继蕊

[择要]

   一、体裁类根本举措方法PPP名目的三大窘境

     窘境一:经营方话语权弱

   ticaichangguandejingyingqiyeshuyubanshileiqiye,qingzichanyunzhuan,chijiuyilaiyibaituojingyingweishouyaoxiezuoqingshi。2014nianguoduzhutuippphou,botchengweiticaileigenbenjucuofangfapppmingmudeshouyaoqingshi,zheijiuqingqiujingyingqiyeyaotouzizhangu,yilaishimaimaijihuaqingqiu,erlaiyaofangzhi“ercitoubiao”。

   zongtouzidongzheshijiyidechangguan,duiqingzichanqiyelaijiang,benqianjinzhichuyalida,qiezhunjingyingmingmushouyilvdi,touzishoushoujieguanqizhang,gengkuangqieshizaiduogemingmutongshituidongdeqingkuangxia,shiyi,jingyingqiyechangchangzaispvzhongdanfuxiaogudong,huayuquanyejueduijiaoruo。

     窘境二:经营方到场时辰晚

   zaimingmulixiangheguandianshexiangjieduan,queshaojingyingfangdetizaodaochang,jingyingfangheshexiangfangbuchengliyouyongdebuyi,zhiyituoqingjigejingyingzhuanjiaduishexiangtuzhitingzhizhuanjialunzheng,tixiedingjian,mingxianshiqueshaolidude。gengduodeqingkuangshi,mingmuxinxifabuhou,jingyingshangqitoufenyungenjindeshichen,shexiangdasuanweirandinggao,jingyingqiyezhinengjiyuxianyoudeshexiangchanyanggezishangfengnidingjingyingdasuan。

     窘境三:征询机构“范畴”经历缺少

   weishenmeshuoshi“fanchou”jingli,bizheyanduguoguojidajubuchangguanpppmingmudeshixingdasuan,maimaijihua、weixianfenpai、yunzuotili、bianjingqiantidengneirongtilideshuipingxiangcheng,eryujingyingxianggandeliangjubushexiangshuipingzhengqibuqi,yishijingyingshujudecesuan,baohangexinjidaxiucesuan(ruoyou);ershijingyingqijixiaochahemubiaodeshezhi。

   bizheyejianguomouxiechusuodangjuweilexuejiankexingxingquekoubutiezhichu,zaishixingdasuanzhongguoyubeiguandiguliangjingyingzhichu,bifangyigechangzhushengchi100wan,renjunkeanpaizhichu2wanyuandezhongbusanxiandouhui,qixinjiangoudangchangguandeshixingdasuanliduijingyingzhichudegusuanshinianjun3geyi!guranjingyingzhichuyouliangduoshenfengoucheng,dansuowei“15fenzhongjianshenquan”neidehuafeizhejueduishizhulijun,rusideshezhi,jibianshixingdasuanjingyoujinchengledangjukaohe,mingmuluodihouyehuitimubaichu。

   二、冲破窘境的五个倡议

   yaoxiangzuohaoyigeticaileigenbenjucuofangfapppmingmu,chuyaoshuncongrenheyigepppmingmudoushuncongdefazewai,changyicongyixiajigefangmianzhuiqiuchongpohegailiang:

   1、gongdaotiaoxuanjingyingdanyuan,jinshengjingyingdanyuanhuayuquan。ticaileipppmingmu,jingyingfenweisangetiaoli:

   diyigetiaoli,shibaohu、banli,jinsi“wuyebanshi”,danrenchangguandebaojie、baoan、zhuangbeiyunzhuanheyiyangdengbanshi;gaitiaolidejingyinghanjianyucuowugongjiakaifangdegoudangchangguanmingmu,zheixiechangguanputongfushuyugedidetiyuqijijigou,tediyongyuzhuanyegoudangduilianxi。

   diergetiaoli,shipingchangjingying,baohandazhongjianshen、peixun、daxinggoudangdezuchang,hemaoyimianjidezulin。

   disangetiaoli,shizaipingchangjingyingdegenbenshangweichangguangongyingkeyanxudejingyingbenqian。bencengdejingyingshizidongde。bifangmouxiangguojisaishidedujiadaibanshuliquan。zheijiuqingqiujingyingshangyouzhuligoudangdecainengheqili,zheileijingyingshangchangchangzaitianxiajubeiduozuochangguandejingyingquan,jubeisaishibenqianheyinjinzijin,nenggougenghaodizhenghejingyingbenqianbingbaozhangbenqiandekeyanxuxing。

   sancengjingying,cengcengdijin,duijingyingshangdeqingqiuyulaiyugao。bifangguangdongshengmoutiyuhuizhanzhongjianmingmu,gaimingmuyouguojihuizhanzhongjianhetiyuzhongjianliangjubugoucheng,mingmuyezhujinzhuajingyingweijiaodian,tiaoxuanjubeifengshuojingyingjinglihebenqiandejingyingshang,zhongjiujiangtexujingyingquanshouyuyouguojishuyishuerdehuizhanqiyehetiyujingyingqiyegouchengdespvgongsi。

   2、zuoweishixingjigoudedangjujubu,yaozaianshenmingmudingweidegenbenshanggongdaotiaoxuanjingyingdanyuan,changyizailixiangheshexiangjieduanlipinyouyijingyingshangzuoweiqianqicanmou。bifangkaifengshitiyuzhongjianpppmingmu,lipinjingyingshangzuoweizhengxuncanmou,bangzhuqianqifanweidingweihequanbushexiangjincheng,jingyoujinchengjihuahejihuadediaoji,weishixingjigoujieliuzongtouzi1yiyuan,kaipilegengduodekejingyingkongjian,weijingyingzhichudeandingzengtiandianjigenben。biede,jingyingdanyuantouziqilichashijinkuang,nenggouzaitiaoyuehegongsizhangchengzhongfuyujingyingfanggengduodequanli,jingyoujincheng“tongguchabiequan”deshezhi,jinshengjingyingdanyuandehuayuquan。

   3、suijiyingbian,gongdaodingweichangguanfanwei。changguanmingmuzailixiangzhichu,shixingjigouwubiyaomingbaimingmuyongchuhebendiquxiangxiqingkuang,zuohaodiaoyanrenwu,weiguandeyouquwei、jiaotong、tianqi、benqian、jingji、shengchi、wenming、zhengcedeng,weiguanderushouzhongqunti、huafeixiqi、wujiashuiping、benditongleichangguanqingkuangdeng。

   youxiechangguanbeiweiyizhongdan,bifangzuowei2022nianyayunhuizhuchangguandehangzhouaotizhongjianpppmingmu,qidingweiqishoushiyaozhizuyayunhuidexuyao,tadefanweiheguifanjiuyaoyankugenjuguojisaishiguifanlaijian。jueduide,youxiechangguanfanweixiaojiediqi,jinyongyushequdazhongdewenmingtiyuxuyao,bifanganhuibozhoushequticaizhongjianpppmingmu。ruoshiyigedouhui,jibusaishibaobandasuan,youbuxiangchengdeshengchifanwei,fuzhidongzhe2,3wanzuoyishudegoudangchangguan,jiuyaozhenzhuoqianqijingyingdeyalile。

   4、gongdaoshezhibaodajizhi。ticaileipppmingmudebaodajizhishouyaoyouliangzhong,

   yizhongshikexingxingquekoubutie。woguojinchaodajubuchangguanpppmingmujienacizhongqingshi,butiedejijiaotilibujinbuyi,bifangkaifengtiyuzhongjianpppmingmujienadeshinianjingongshi,henanxuchangtiyuzhongjianpppmingmugenju“caijin[2015]21haowen”degongshijijiao,eryoudebutiejinejianjiejingyoujinchengshehuibenqianjingbiaokending,rutaizhoutiyugongyuanmingmu。

   lingyizhongshilaogubutie+liyongzhefufeiqingshi,bifangbeijing2022niandongaohuiguodusuhuaguanpppmingmu,jingyoujinchengshehuibenqianjingbiaolaikendinglaogubutiebaifenbi,dangjuzaifuzhiqijiangbutiezijinfencitouru,jingyingqizejienaliyongzhefufeidetilichongshichanyangjingyingshangdezidongxing。baodajizhidetiaoxuanyingyujingjifacaishuipingheshengchimijishuipingxiangganlian。

   5、shanyonglihaozhengcezhidianmingmuyunzhuan。guodujichusuodangju,zhenduipppmingmushixingchutaiguoliangduodelihaozhengce。guoducengmianru《zhonggongzhongjianbangongting、guowuyuanbangongtingyinfaguodu“shisanwu”qijianwenmingchengzhangdingxinjihuagangling》、《guowuyuanbangongtingzhuanfawenmingbudengjubuduiyuzuohaodangjuxiangshehuiqilicaibandazhongwenmingbanshirenwudingjiandegaosu》guobanfa〔2015〕37hao;tiyujubuyejieheguodubuweibanfaleliangduobutiefangfa,《daxinggoudangchangguanmianfeidimianfeikaifangbutiezijinbanlifangfa》caijiao[2014]54hao。fagaiweijiehetiyuzongjuyinfa《“shisanwu”dazhongtiyutigaogongchengshixingdasuandegaosu》fagaishehui[2016]2850hao,zuqiuyuandijucuofangfa、xinjianxianjidazhonggoudangchangzhongguifantianjingpaodaohezuqiuchang、zhongjiangusuanneitouziduijiena ppp、gongjianminyingdengtilifuzhidequanminjianshenzhongjianmingmuyuyibutie。bifang2017nianduneimenggueerduosishitiyuzhongjianmeiyiniandemianfeidimianfeikaifangbutiewei520wan,guangxitiyuzhongjianwei840wan。

   lingyouyixiechusuodangjujubudebutiezhengce,bifang《beijingshiquanminjianshenhuafeibutiebanlifangfa》(jingtichanlianbanzi〔2017〕7hao),《beijingshixinjiangoudangchangguanbutiebanlifangfa》(jingtichanlianbanzi〔2017〕8hao)deng。zailixiangheshexiangjieduan,jiangqudebutiesuoqingqiudefuzhimubiaozhenzhuochulai,zheixiebutiezhichukejianjieyongyuchongdikexingxingquekoubutie。ruoshimingmuchongzuhaobeicanjialecaiwubushumomingmuku,youhuiyouyibibufeidejiangjin。jinshengzhengcezhuonacaineng,jiangguodudeyouhuizhengceyongzuyonghao,jiazhongyezhuhemingmugongsidejingjiyali。

   genzheshehuijingjidebushichengzhang,woguowenmingtiyujucuofangfayezaibushigailianghezengtian,danfanbodazhongriquzengtiandewenmingtiyuxuyaoyushehuibenqiangongyingjueduiquefadedichuyiranfeichangtuqi。zaihanqingqianzhangduo,dangjucailiwuxian、touruquefadeqingkuangxia,jienapppqingshigudongmianlishehuibenqiandaochang,jiasudazhongbanshijucuofangfafuzhishijinchaozuiweixingzhiyouyongdechuzhizhidaole。gudaishehui,wenmingtiyucaichanweiranchengweixiandangdaijiezuijuchengzhangyuanjingdexiangyangcaichan,chuzangpangdashangji,yuanjingfeichangguangmo,zuohaowenmingtiyugenbenjucuofangfafuzhimingmu,jiangdongyuanquanshehuiduidazhongwenmingtiyubanshidepangdaxuyao,weishehuibenqianjingyinggongyingjiechudeshichangqianti,weidangjujianhuanzhaiquanyali,jinshengshehuixiaoyi。

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