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存量债权背景下管控PPP形式财务危险的倡议

宣布日期:2018-02-02来历:收集来历编辑:张继蕊

[择要]

   chusuodangjuzhaiquanshiwoguoyingdajinrongweijituichudejingjifuxingdasuandechanwu,shouyaojihezaishengyixiadangjucengji,pppxingshishijingjijinruxinchangtaihouchusuodangjuduizhihekuozhandazhongpintouzidecaiwuliyishouwan,zi2014nianyilaizaitianxiaqudedinglifengxing。benwenduixinjiangweiwuerzizhiqu(yixiajianchengzizhiqu)jubuquxiandiaoyanfaming,chusuodangjuzaihuajiecunliangzhaiquanchengdangfanzhongzhiji,dafanweiliyongpppxingshikuozhandazhongtouzishijishiwenzengjiadeluzi,danyemianduipangdadecaiwuweixian,jucitichuzaihuajiecunliangzhaiquanbeijingxia,jiezhipppxingshicaiwuweixiandechangyiheduice。

   一、弁言

   woguoyuan《gusuanfa》mingbaihuadingzhizhichusuodangjujuzhai,danxianshishangdajubuchusuodangjudouyouqianzhai。chusuodangjuqianzhaikezhuisudao1979nian。1981-1985nian,shengjidangjujihejujiezhaiquan,shijihexianjidangjujuzhaizejiheyu1986nian-1996nian,zhi2010niandi,tianxiaweiyi54gexianjidangjuhaibujuzhai,zengjiaxunmengshizai2008nianjinrongweijijinhou。chusuodangjujuzhaigongdaoxingdequanshishouyaoshi:zhaiquanzijinyouyongjianhuanchusuodangjuzaijingjichengzhangjidizifuzhijinchengzhongdecailiqueshao,duizhileweiguanjingjidewentaizengjia。chusuodangjufanweishishiyouduoda?chabiekoujingxiadeshuzidabubuyi,chabiekoujingdechabiezaiyuyinxingzhaiquan。

   woguojinrujingjixinchangtaihou,genzhecaiwushouruzengsufanghuan,chusuozhaiquandeweixianfuchushuimian,ruoshishanxiandamianjichusuodangjuzhaiquanweiyue,nenggouhuoxuhuoxuxiangjinrongxitongtongbaojineryaoxieweiguanjingjiyunzhuandebubian,qibaohandexinyujijinrongweixianyinfadangjuhexuejiegaoduzhengshi。pppxingshishizaichusuozhaiquangaoqidebeijingxiatuichudexinxingrongzitili,shizaidazhongfanchoudangjuyushichangganxidezhongsu,tafankaileguanfangbenqiangenjindeguizhikongjian,nenggouhuoxuhuoxuyucaiwuzijinpeihechanyanggengdadechengshuxiaoying。2014nianyilai,pppmingmuruyuhouchunsun,sanbuzaigedigexiangganxingye,genzhepppmingmubiaofenyunluodi,chugeyaojingjiepppgaochaomianqianduozangdetimuyuweixian。

   congchusuozhaiquandexingzihefencengbujukan,yuzhongjianheshengjidangjubini,shixianjidangjucaiwubenqianwuxiandanqianzhailvjiaogao,jiyifashengbuliangzhaiquandeweixian。danshixingfenshuizhiyilai,shengyixiadangjujianshiquanyushouruyiwubuqing,cailiyushiquannixiangyunzhuandedichuyizhinanyijiangfu,chusuodangjumianduigongyingdazhongbanshijibiancejingjichengzhangjinchengzhongdegusuanneicaiwuquekou,suishi“zidong”qianzhai,queyoubudeyizhinan。cunliangzhaiquanjidingdebeijingxia,chugeyaojingjiedinglifengxingpppxingshidailaidecaiwuweixian。

   二、处所当局存量债权情况

   genzhexin《gusuanfa》deshenqieshixinghechusuodangjubangzhufazhaidekaiqi,zaizhongjiandangjuyankuqingqiuheguizhibiaozhunxia,gedichusuozhaibanlijinruyige“shishangzuiyan”dexinqijian,zizhiquchusuodangjuzhaiquanbanlideyalisuizhihuisheng。

   zhi2016niandi,zizhiqudangjuxingzhaiquanyuewei3,941.2yiyuan,cizhong,dangjuzhaiquan2,836.9yiyuan(putongzhaiquan2,179.6yiyuan,zhuanxiangzhaiquan657.3yiyuan),zhanzongliangde72%;huoyouzhaiquan(baohanshenjikoujingzhongdechengdangbaohejiujiyiwudezhaiquan)1,104.3yiyuan,zhanzongliangde28%。chusuodangjuzhaiquanyuezaitianxiachuyuzhongyou。

   jingyoujinchengduiwulumuqishi、kelamayishi、boertalamengguzizhizhoudediaoyanhepanding:jinhouzizhiquyirendingdechusuodangjucunliangzhaiquanzhong,guranzhengtishangzongheqianzhailvhaibujinruyujingweixianqu,dangedizhoushidangjuchengdangjianjielechangyiwudezhaiquanzongezhanchusuocaiwushourudebizhongyibielidaoda40%-80%,chashoucunliangzhaiquanquanshudaoqilechang,dizhoushidangjujiangnanyimengshou。shiyi,gejidangjudouzhudongjienabanfahuajiezhaiquanweixian:yishidinglibiancepppxingshi。ershitingzhizhaiquanzhihuan。

   cong2015nianqi,caiwujubusannianfenpizhihuandaoqidechusuodangjudanrenlechangdezhaiquan,keri3-10nianbudeng。zhaiquanzhihuansuiweixuejianzhaiquanzongfanwei,danyidililv、zhangkeridezhongjiandangjuzhaiquanzhihuandaoqidechusuozhaiquan,goudangxingweixiandeyihuajieqiexiajianglejuzhaibenqian。chaxunbaifangfaming,cengjijiaodidedangjuqudedezhihuaneduzhong,keriduandezhaiquan(3nianhe5nian)zhanjiaodabizhong,youcikezhi,jingzhihuanhoudecunliangzhaiquanyejiangzai2017-2023nianzuichulezhai,dajubujihezai2018-2019nian。genzhezhihuanzhaiquanlianxudaoqi,zaibaobubian、baominsheng、baoyunzhuandeqiantixia,gedichugeshiqianfacaidiyudangjuanqilechangzhaiquanjiangshihenshijiannandeshiming。zaicunliangzhaiquanmanmanxuejiandetongshi,yinpppmingmufashengdeyinxingqianzhaiweixianhuisheng,lingwai,rongzipingtai、tuchuzhongjiandenglailidezhaiquanbizhongyousuoxiajiang,danrengshichusuozhaiquanyinxingweixiandezhutijubu。

   三、自治区PPP落地名目标首要特色

   zuoweiqianfacaidiyu,dizijucuobanfaruanruoshixianzhizizhiquchusuojingjiyanxuzengjiadepingjing,weici,zizhiqukending2017nianquanshehuilaoguzichantongbizengjia50%yishangdefangzhen。wei“genghaodichanyangdangjutouzidezhidaoganhua,duizhishichangyunzuo、duoyuantouzi,liyitourongzixingshi,yanxukaishishehuitouziqianli。dinglifengxingpppxingshi,chanyanghaozizhiqupppzhidaojijinhemingmujiangbuzhengceganhua,biancepppqianyueheluodifuzhi。”zaizhengcebiancexia,gedipppmingmufenyunluodi,pppshichangshanxianbengfashizengjia。tingzhi2017nian9yuemo,caiwubuzonghexinxibanlipingtaizizhiqurukumingmuzongji1124ge,leijitouzie12012yiyuan,mingmuluodilvweijutianxiadier,longgai14gedizhoushihe19gexingyefanchou,shanxianlejiaohaodejingjixiaoyiheshehuixiaoying。luodidepppmingmuyouyixiatese:

   1.zaimingmubaodajizhishang,yidangjufufeitiliweizhu

   congtianxiadeqingkuangkan,60%depppmingmujienadangjufufeidexingshi,xinjianggaibizhongzhandao79%。xinjiangshijingjiqianfacaidiyu,chijiuyilaidizijucuobanfaqianzhangjiaoduo,pppmingmubiaorongzijueduijianku。zheiliangnianwangongluodidemouxiepppmingmu,guranyeyoushouyi,danshouzhiyuchengzhenzhuminzhengtijiaodideshouruhehuafeichengdudeshufudengshenfen,qishouyiyuanqueshaoyitianbumingmujingyingbenqianhezhizushehuibenqiandeyuqishouyi。shiyi,zaifacaidiyufanshinenggouhuoxuhuoxujienaquekoubutiedemingmu,erzaixinjiangzhinengyidangjufufeidetilishixing,facaidiyukeliyongzhefufeidemingmu,zaixinjiangnenggouhuoxuhuoxuyinliyongliuliangqueshaoeryiquekoubutiedetililuodi。yufacaidiyubini,zaiyiqidongdemingmuzhong,dangjuyaochengdangjiaodadeshouruyiwu,dannenggouhuoxuhuoxujiaoshaodecaiwuzijin“qiaodong”dafanweidelaoguzichantouzi,duichusuojingjidekeyanxuzengjiadejiuyuanyingxiangshiwuyongzhiyide。

   2.shehuibenqiandeyuqishouyilvzai6%-8%zhijian,danyulaiyunanwancheng

   zaizhongjiandangjuqianghuazhaiquanweixianhejinrongliyiqueshaodeqingkuangxia,pppmingmubianjimianduizhejiannanderongziyali,jibianquderongzi,qirongbenqianqiandoujueduijiaogao,guranshehuibenqianxijideyuqishouyilvzai6%-8%zhijian,danxiangjiaoyujiaogaoderongbenqianqian,xianshishuyuweili。2017nianyilai,genzhepppmingmuxiezuojiazhong,shehuibenqianfangdeyuqishouyilvbianjixiajiang,naizhishanxianlelingbaodademingmu。guranxuejiandangjujianglaidefufei,danyenenggouhuoxuhuoxumaimeimingmufuzhibaohudipinzhideweixian。

   3.mingmujingyingqijunzai10nianyishang,getimingmujingyingqidaoda35nian

   zheishizizhiquxianjieduanzhongdiandazhongchanwuyubanshideminshengshuxingjueyide。jiaozhangdejingyingqiyouyiyububianyuqi,cizhongdetimuburongqinghu:(1)yipppmingmujijinzuoweidangjuchuzidemingmu,jijindecunxuqishaoyumingmujingyingqi,jijinqimanermingmuhaizaijingying,dangjudechuzichengweihuoyouqianzhai。(2)jingyingqineizhuduoshenfendebiange,shideyuqiweilidemingmubiandechikui,huofashengyueshouyi(zheigejilvjiaodi),mingmushibushinenggouhuoxuhuoxuyanxu?tiaoyuezhongshangdingdeweixianfenbieshibushizhenzhengluoshi?zheixuyaozengqiangmingmujixi,gengduichusuodangjudebanlicainengtichulegenggaodeqingqiu。

   四、存量债权背景下管控PPP形式财务危险的倡议

   chusuodangjuzaibiancejingjichengzhangdejinchengzhong,duizijinxuyaopangdadanrongzicainengwuxian,zaicunliangzhaiquangaoqierzengliangzhaiquankongjianbeijinsuodeqingkuangxia,pppxingshituozhanlechusuodangjurongzikongjian。danpppxingshinengfouqugongsierzhezhili,xuyaochusuodangjujubeijiaoqiangdebanlicaineng,ruoshibunenggongyingjiechudeguizhiqingkuang,neimogongsixiezuodechengguonenggouhuoxuhuoxujisijiabufendezhulifangzhenhedazhongbufendedixiaolveryuyuqixiangbei,luoru“pppquantao”。

   (yi)bafangweixianfangzaiwenzengjiadeshouyaodiwei

   chengzhangshichuzhiwoguozhuduojingjishehuitimubiaoguantou,minshengfuzhidegailianggengxuyaokeyanxudebubianzengjia。2016nianwoguojingjizengjiafanghuanzhi6.7%jinhou,2017nianjiangzengjiafangzhenshewei6.5%baibu,jiangdingxinzhongdianzhuanxiangqugangganjiangbenqian,fangweixianrenshijiabeituqi。genzhejingjizengsuquhuan,yituo“zhaiquan—touzi”qudongdezengjiaxingshixiajileideweixianfuchushuimian。zaiguodujingjizengjiafangzhenxiadiaodetongshi,zizhiqurengrankendingle7%dezengjiafangzhen。xinjiangtouziqudongxingdechengzhangxingshixia,wenzengjiayishengxiao,fangweixianyingbeitidaojiabeishouyaodediwei。

   weixianfangkongduijingjiyanxuankangchengzhangyisiyanzhong。congbiranyisishangshuo,fangweixianbianshiwenzengjia。buchuweixian,jingjicainengduizhibubianzengjia。2015nianyilai,xingusuanfadeshixingheguowuyuandexiangganwenjiangoujianlejiaoweiwanmeidefalingzhengcexitong,biaozhundedangjujuzhairongzijizhimanmanchengli,qieyizhuoyouyongguodiyunzhuan。shixingchusuodangjuzhaiquanweixianfangkong,qishouyaoduizhaiquanjingtaijiance、jishiyujing,tizaotuotiezuohaodangjuzhaiquanweixianshijianyingjizhengcechuxu,bianceweixianfangkongshimingmixinhua、suimihua,jinjinshouzhubufashengdiyuxingxitongxingweixiandedixian。qici,zunjingjingjichengzhangjilv,anzhaoguodu“shisanwu”jihuazhipeiheweiguandiaokongfangzhen,zhenzhuobendiyuxianshi,nidingchusuodangjuzhaiquanchijiujihuabingzhipeixinzengzhaiquan。

   (er)jiangpppfuchuyiwuyucunliangzhaiquanzongliangjianguzhenzhuo

   shiyushangshiji80nianyuepppxingshidechengzhanghanqingxianxian,caiwuweixianbunengzaishixianqudeyouyongjiezhi,shizhishipppxingshibukeyanxudeshouyaoyuanyou,weixiantifangnenggouhuoxuhuoxushidangjuzaidizijucuobanfatouzihecaiwukeyanxuxingzhijianwanchengjunheng。

   jinchaochusuocaiwuyongyupppdezijinmanmankaojinnaizhikuayue10%deshouruxiaxian,qimaimeideweixianbixuyaoyinfachusuodangjudegaoduzhengshi。pppxingshiyishaoxudecaiwushouruqiaodongledafanweidelaoguzichantouzi,dandangqibeijieliudeshouruyoushijianglaidechusuodangjuzhaiquan。zailiyongpppxingshishi,yingjianghuajiecunliangzhaiquanyupppxingshijianguzhenzhuo,cunliangzhaiquanchengdangfanzhong,pppfanweibiranyaoshouzhiyuchusuocailidexianshiyouyongtengnuokongjianerbunengchunzhenyixiaxianzhenzhuo,buran,chuzhizhaiquandefeishiyouhuibiancegengduoderongzixuyao。yingjianghuajiecunliangzhaiquandeweixianzuoweitiaoxuanpppmingmubaodajizhideshouyaocankao。zaijiankongdangjuzhaiquanweixianshi,yingzaicunliangzhaiquandedizishangjiashangppphuoyouzhaiquan。

   congzhenzhengxiajiangweixiandejiaodukan,jianglaidepppmingmuyingjinnenggouhuoxuhuoxutiaoxuankexingxingquekoubutieheliyongzhefufeidexingshi,chufeimingmutouziladonglejingjizengjia,zhuminshourujinbucongerdailaichongzude“liyongzhefufei”,dangjufufeidepppmingmubiaozhongjiutouzirengshichuzi“dazhongqianbao”,qieweizhuanbianquanbumingmuxingmingzhouqizhongdangjushourudezongjingxianzhi,bingbunengdizijianhuandangjuxingzhaiquandeyali。jianglaichucunjuanfenqifuchudecainengwai,haichujidangjudezhengceyanxuxingtimu,zheiganxidaonengfoubaozhangtiaoyuedeshixing。

   (san)wanmeipppmingmuguankongjizhi,jinbumingmupinzhi

   pppmingmuweixiancunzaiyumingmushexiang、lixiang、fuzhi、jingyingbanlidequanjincheng,yinweishidazhongpin,dangjushiweixiandezuichuchengdangzhe,shiyi,ruohebanlihaopppmingmu,baozhangmingmuyuqishouyichengweifangweixiandeguantou。chusuodangjuzailiyongpppxingshiyaochugecunjuanweixian,buzhiyaokaoliangdangemingmubiaoweixian,haiyaozonghezhenzhuozaitongtongpppmingmuzhongdangjuchengdangdeweixianzongliang。

   1.mingmulixiangguantou,fangzhi“weipppmingmu”jinru,yankucaozongliucheng

   zairenheqingkuangxia,pppmingmudoubuyingchaochuheyongyubiedetouzimingmubiaoguanligusuanliucheng,pppxingshizhishigailiangdizijucuobanfagongyingdeyizhongxingshi,bianrenzaishenmeqiantixiajienaheruohejiena,caishicongdizishangjinbupppmingmutouru-chanchujixiaodeguantou。chusuodangjubuyingjiangpppdangzuowanchenglaoguzichantouzishimingderongzishouwan,buranluanxiangjiunanyifangzhi。

   2.ganxingtiaoxuanshehuibenqianfang,bunengchunzhenyilianjiazuoweizhongbiaoanzhao

   genzhepppdeshenqiebiance,xishouyulaiyuduodeqiyezhudongdaochang,yixiepppmingmuxiezuojulie,yixieqiyebushigexinlianjia,naizhishanxiantouzibaodalvweilingdebaojia。congshaofufeiduobanshidejiaoduzhenzhuo,chusuodangjuruoshitiaoxuanlelianjiadeshehuibenqianfang,zenenggouhuoxuhuoxucunzaiyuanqiweixian。benqiandezhulixingjueyilianjiahuolingshouyibunenggouhuoxuhuoxuyanxu。lirunbiranyaocongbenqianzhong“jichu”,zemingmufuzhihejingyingzhongdetougongjianliao、yicichonghaojiunanyifangzhi,ruozijinlianduanlie,zenenggouhuoxuhuoxumingmujianduannaizhilanwei,dangjudegongxinlihaijiangzaodaofumianyingxiang。shichangjixiquewei、budaowei,toubiaofangguoyukuadabenqianerqinghupinzhi,qingyizhishitoubiaodetianpingpianxiangyujiaqian。pppmingmugongyingderengshidazhongpin,xuyaodazaodeshibainianjiagou,zheixuyaozhongbiaodeqiyeyougongjiangjingli,jingxindamo,erlianjiachangchangnanyiruyuan。

   3.jinfangppptiaoyuedeyinxingcaiwuweixian

   dangjuchuchengdangyiguiruppptiaoyuedexianxingcaiwuxunuowai,haixuyaochengdangyixieyinxingqianzhai,jiyoupindeyiwuhuogongjiaxijierfashengdefeitiaoyueyiwu。bifang,yigemingmuyinweizhengzhi、shehuishenfenerbunengshili(gongyingdebanshibunengjianduan),neimojibiandangjubufadingxunuo,rengyaochengdangxiangganshouruyiwu。lingwai,tiaoyuedetingzhifanshiyehuifashengyinxingqianzhai,dangjuchuanzhaotiaoyuehuadingmibushehuibenqianwai,haixuyaoquejianyanxugongyingdazhongbanshihuojunshidazhongbanshi,jiangjucuobanfayongyuqiyumubiaohuochechu。jiuqiyuanyou,zaiyugongyingdazhongchanwuhedazhongbanshizhizezhongjiurengshidazhongbufen,pppbushituiciyiwudeshouwan,buguanruoshishehuibenqianfangyihezhongtilihelaiyoujiaru,dangjurengyouyiwuheyiwuyaobaozhangdazhongpindegongyingshumuhepinzhi。

   4.zengqiangquanjinchengjixi

   jinhoujixidezhongdianzaitiaoyueqiandingqiandemingmutiaoxuanhepingjia,jinrutiaoyueqijieduan(tiaoyueqiandingzhitiaoyuejunshizheiduanqijian),jixikuangjiahexiangxiguizhizhipeirengqueshaoxijie。jianglaijiniangengduomingmujiangjinrucaozongqi,queshaoyouyongjixinenggouhuoxuhuoxushanxianweixian。

   (si)jianquanpppmingmupeitaodezhengcebanfa,jinfangpppxingshiweixian pppxingshishiyixiangpangzadexitonggongcheng,duichusuodangjudebanlicainengqingqiujiaogao,zhiyaojingyoujinchengjiechudebanli,cainengwanchengyuqideyichu,fangzhi“pppquantao”。

   1.zengqiangpppfazhifuzhi,gailiangpppmingmuqingkuang

   jinchaopppxingshiyunzuoshouyaoyituodangjubufendexingzhengguizhangtingzhishufu,falingdepinjixiaolvjiaodi。caozonglvlizhengchuduomen,caiwubu、fagaiweidengshouyaobuweizhizefenbiebuqing,chutaiguizhangdeshangweifachabie,zhishimingmulvxingzhongdezhengqiganxidingweibuming、shenpibiaozhunchabiedengzhuduotimu。

   2.duocuobingjuhuajiepppmingmurongzinandetimu

   caiyu[2017]87haohecaiyu[2017]50haodengwenjiancongguizhishangshufulechusuodangjufeibiaozhunrongzide“houmen”,danzaichusuodangjubenshencailiwuxianqie“zhengmen”xiaxiaodeqingkuangxia,pppmingmurongzinandetimubiandejiabeiyanzhong。pppmingmubiaotourongziqudaozaihendachengdushangjueyipppshichangdekeyanxuchengzhang,yeshijinrongxitongnengfouzhenzhengchengchibanshidaoshitijingjideyigeguantoujiedian,shiyi,jixuchutaijinrongjigouhebenqianshichangdedaochangpppmingmubiao“zhengmianqingdan”,chanyangzhengcedechengchizhidaoyiduozhongrongzidongxideliyongdeng,xuyaojinkuaichutaihewanmeixiangxifaze。

   3.zengqiangpppdangjushourudegusuanbanli,jinbugusuanbanlichengdu

   pppmingmubiaocaiwushouruxuyaocanjiagusuan,dancileigusuanyuchuantonggusuanchabie,jubeibirandehuoranxing,pingjiadangjudehuoranyiwuhenshijianku,shidecileigusuandebanlinandujiaoda。yixieguoduyinruhuoranyiwujijinhuoweihuoranyiwugongyinggusuanhefanghu,danwoguojinchaohaimeiyouchugehuading,zaipppmingmujinrujingyingqihou,jishimoliandangjudefuchucaineng,yemolianzhedangjudegusuanbanlichengdu。

   【zuozhejianjie】

   zhouli,xinjiangcaijingdaxuedazhongjingjiyubanlixueyuanchuanshou;wangguanhua,beijingyingke(wulumuqi)zhuangshishijiansuoguanweihuiweiyuan、guquangaodengheguren、zhiyezhuangshi。

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