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剖解白鹤滩水电站:完整财产链撑起的超等工程

宣布日期:2019-07-18来历:收集来历编辑:张世辉

[择要]

   wanzhengdecaichantixi、qibeidecaichanmenlei、fengshuodecaichanliantiao,dadajiaqianglezhongguojingjiderenxing。 zuoweizaijiandejuxingshuidianzhan,baihetanshuidianzhandezhizuojinchengchujishuidianshexiang、yanzhongzhuangbeizhizuo、fuzhibanlidengzhuduocaichanfanchou,zhangxianlewoguowanzhengdecaichanlianzaizhuzaodaguozhongqi、chaodenggongchengzhongdeshangfeng。qiashiwanzhengdecaichanliancaizhichiqilewoguodechaodenggongchengfuzhi。

   shizhiyandong,chuandianjiaorang,jinshajianggan,lewangshandian,yunshuyunjuan。dichusichuanshengliangshanzhouningnanxianheyunnanshengzhaotongshiqiaojiaxianjiaorangchudebaihetanshuidianzhanfuzhixianchang,shengshuzhongdeshigonggengxianchire。

   quangongchengcaozongdireguisuanyanshuinihunningtu(yixiajiancheng“direshuini”)、lingxiancaozongdanjirongliangbaiwanqianwajishuilunjizu,zuoweizaijiandejuxingshuidianzhan,baihetangongchengfuzhijiangbazhongguoshuidiancaichanhezhongguoshuidianshexiangchengdu、shigongcaineng、yanzhongzhuangbeizhizuocaineng、fuzhibanlichengdujinshengdaoyigequanxindegaodu。baihetanshuidianzhanjianchengtouchanhou,jiangfashengpangdadefadian、fanghongdengxiaoyi,meiyiniankejiejianbiaozhunmeiyue1968wandun,xuejianpaifangeryanghuatan5160wandun。zheigechaodenggongchengmianqiandezhichi,shizhongguowanzhengdecaichanlian。

   温控防裂,特种水泥解困难

   “恰是由于有白鹤滩水电站如许的庞大须要,相干手艺才有了用武之地”

   dazhijihunningtudewenkongfanglieyixiangshigongchengjiedekunnan。“baihetanshuidianzhanfuzhizhijin,haibuchengxianyitiaowenduliehen。”baihetangongchengfuzhibuchuanshoujigaogongsunminglunshuo。

   dabafuzhixuyaojiaozhudapihunningtu,hunningtuzhongdeshuinishuihuafanyinghuifashengreliang,shidehunningtujiaozhuhouwenduhuisheng,yihouzaichihuanlengquedaohuanjingwendu。ruoshibujienayouyongdewendujiezhibanfa,renyouhunningturezhanglengsuo,bumianhuifashengliehen。weilecongquanyuanshangchulidabadewenduliehentimu,baihetanquanbajienatezhongshuini——direshuini。

   baihetangongbagao289mi,hunningtuzongfangliangwei803wanlifangmi,direshuinideshuihuarebizhongreshuinidiyue15%,nengjinbuhunningtuchujikouwendu、xuejianhunningtulengquetongshuiliang,jinwenkongyongduyixiang,biankejieliushangyiyuan。“dui1700duoyiyuandegongchengmingmulaijiang,jieliushangyiyuanbushizuiguantoude。jiezhiwenduliehen,jinbugongchengpinzhihebaozhanggongchengchijiuningjingbubianyunzhuancaishizanmenzuichuiqingde。”sunminglunshuo。

   direshuinidecaozongbingfeixuehanlaichao。waiyanghenzaojiukeyihuoxuhuoxuchuchandireshuini,keshiyouyuchuqiqiangdudi、chuchanbenqiangao、yingxianggongqidengshenfenbuhuodepubiancaozong。weilejiangluodireshuinichuchanbenqian,woguo5jiakeyandanyuanzaozai“jiuwu”shiqijiuqitoutingzhishouyiyanfa,shixiancaozonglizichanzajinbushuinikuangwuhuoxingdengshouyichongpo。“sanxiagongchengsanqiweiyantingzhilehunningtushiyan,xiluodudianzhanxiehongdongyincaozongdireshuiniliehenshumujiangluole70%,bijicikefuzhibaihetan、wudongdeshuidianzhan,zanmendeshouyiyixiangchengchengshu。”sunminglunshuo。

   xianshishang,direshuinitongsuzhiyongzaishuidianzhandaba、kouandengdazhijihunningtufuzhifanchou。“qiashiyouyuyoubaihetanshuidianzhanruxudepangdaxuyao,xiangganshouyicaiyouleyongwuzhidi。bubaihetan,direshuinijiubushichang;erbujiahua、huaxinruxudeshuinichang,baihetandabahunningtuwendujiezhijiuyaonanhenduo。”sunminglunshuo,chaodenggongchengcuishenglechaodengziliao、chaodengshouyi。

   中国制作,物美价廉显上风

   “参建白鹤滩水电站的水电四局,为其间接供货的出产商逾越百家,绝大大都是国际厂家”

   xiajibaihetan,35sheshiduyishangdegaowenshichangtai。congbanhechangchuchangdaodabashigongxianchangde7fenzhongshihouli,ruohejinkeyihuoxuhuoxubaozhanggaowenjiaobanhunningtubuhuiyouyuwaijiehuanjingwendubiangengeranxiajiang?

   “hunningtubanhejinchengzhongbuzhixuchashougaowenshui,haiyaochanrubiranbilidebingxie;erhunningtucongbanhelouchulaihou,jiuhuizhuyiguanshutedijiazhuanglebaowenziliaodezixieshihuoche,zaijingyoujinchenglanjizaijifenzhongneiminjiesongdaodabashigongxianchang。”shuidiansijubaihetanshigongjujidiandaduidaduizhangmiaoyuxishuo,pinpinbixuan,zhongjiutiaoxuanleguochande“wuhanxinwuxin”zuoweilengshuijihuagongjifang。guochanlengshuijiyixiaoshikeyihuoxuhuoxuchuchan300duolifangmi8sheshidudelengshui,rukoudezhinengchuchan250lifangmi;ercongjiaqianshangshuo,guochandejixie118wanyuan,rukoudezegaoda180wanyuan,zhixushiqiye,doubunanzuochutiaoxuan。

   “30duonianqian,bianshixiangyongguochandechanwu,yeyidingmaihuode。zuizaozhinengrukoulengshuijizu,youyuguojiyagenjiubunengchuchan。”jianleersanshinianshuidianzhandemiaoyuxi,yeshiwoguoshuidiangongchengfuzhifanchoudejianzhengzhe。shangshijibajiushinianyue,fanmangzaishuidianzhandeshigongzhuangbei,zuishaoyouyibanshicongwaiyangrukoude。erzaixianzaidebaihetan,xiangzhaorukouzhuangbeikeyoudiannan。

   “daobushizanmenhuiyouxianzhenzhuoguojichangshang,ershiguojichangshangdexingjiabigao。”miaoyuxijijizhesuanlebizhang:jinenggenjifenqidezixieshihuoche,yitairukoucheyaojinbaiwanyuan,keguochande“hongyanjingang”cai40wanyuan,jiaqianshangfengjiaozhe。

   “shizaiduizanmenlaijiang,tuixiaozhuangbeibuzhikanjiaqian,gengzhuyaodeshikanxingjiabi。waiyangbushaochangshangpeijiandaoweiman,getiruanjianzhinengyouchangjiacaozong。ouranjiudengbulaiyingxiangshigongjindu,zanmenbuganmai。”miaoyuxishuo,guojizhuangbeibuzhijiaqiandi,pinzhiyehenshikaodezhu。“canjianbaihetanshuidianzhandeshuidiansiju,weiqijianjiegonghuodechuchanshangyuyuebaijia,juedadadoushiguojichangjia。”

   “zanmenbaozhekaifangdexintai,haobuhuijuexinbianbieguochanrengshirukou,guantourengshikannayigewumeijialian。”miaoyuxishuo。

   智能制作,扶植宁静更高效

   “不用冒着盛暑去工地,只需坐在批示部,现场视频、及时数据全都一目明了”

   zenyangnengzuibianlizhiguandilinghuibaihetanshuidianzhandefuzhijindu?“buyongmaozheshengshuqugongdi,zhixuzuozaipishibu,xianchangshipin、jishishujuquandouyimumingle。”miaoyuxishuo。

   hunningtujiaozhuhou,xuyaotingzhipingcangzhendao。yituoruinengdianqigongjidegaojingduchuanganqi、doujiweixingdingweitixi、zhongguodianjianchengdouyuanyanfadejiankongruanjian,keyihuoxuhuoxuduihunningtudepingcangzhendaoquanjinchengtingzhijishijiankong,renhecaozongbudaoweidehuanjinghuizhudongyujing,tixingxianchangpinzhibanlizhiyuantingzhijiupian;chuchanshenmeyangdehunningtu,zhixuyixianzhiyuanzaishoujishangzhangtucaozongbiankeshixian;danrenshujuchuanshude,zeshizhongguoliantong。weilefangzhishuidianzhanzaizaoshoudidongshikuiba、xiaxieerxingchengcishengzainan,hehanyihaochaodengjijiaojiduibaihetanshuidianzhandekangzhenningjingxingtingzhimonichanfa,baozhangkangzhenshexiangningjing。

   qinghuadaxuehesanxiatuantipeiheyanzhidezhinengtongshuichengtaozhuangbeihenuodongjishiruanjianpingtai,jingyoujinchengzaixinjiaozhuhunningtubakuaiheshuiguanzhongzhuangpeishuziwenduchuanganqi,jishizhanglianghunningtuwenduheshouzhishuiwen。diankaishouji,dabashigongzhuangkuanghegeleicanshujinzaibawo。zailengqueshuiguanzhongzhuangpeidewendu、liuliangheyitiliuwenjichengjiezhizhuangpei,haikeyihuoxuhuoxushixianjingtaizhinengjiezhi。

   自立立异,国之重器有底气

   “我国水电站扶植、装配、经营全财产链都已走出国门,成为中国的手刺”

   zaibaihetanshuidianzhanhaofangongchengshouyimubiaozhong,“baiwanjizu”feifentebiererenzhushi。zuoweitianxiashangshoupibaiwanqianwashuijidianzu,buzhishixianledanjirongliangdepangdayuyue,mianqiandeshouyizhichigengjiangyinlingquanshushuidiancaichanshouyichengdudejinsheng。

   danshi,zhuzao“guozhizhongqi”tanheqingyi?baihetangongchengfuzhibujidianmingmubuzhurenkangyonglinxianrong,zuihousanxiadianzhandefajidianzusuoxudeguigangpianzhinengyituorukou,dangzanmenziliyanfayouanjizushi,waifangeranjiangjiaqianjinbudaozuoanjizude3bei。wufazhixia,sanxiatuantizhinengyubaoganglianshouyanfa。“ruoshineishipaoqueleziliyanfa,keyihuoxuhuoxubaihetanshuidianzhanshuijidianzudeguigangpianrengshixuyaorukou。”

   congsanxiaqiandangejizufadiancainengde30wanqianwadaobaihetande100wanqianwa,zhongguoshuidianzhuangbeishexiangzhizuoshixianledayuyue。ruoshishuosanxiashi“yinjin、xiaohuajieshou、zailiyi”,neimozaibaihetan,zeshixianlewanzhengzililiyi。

   yinlingtianxia,bushaozhichishouyizhinengchuchuang,baihetanshuidianzhandefuzhi,daobixifangjidian、hadiantuantidengyanfaxindejueyuanziliao、fajidianzu;daobizhongguodianjian、zhongnengjiantuantijinshengshuidianjucuocuoshizhuangpeichengdu。zaozai2006nian,sanxiatuantijiuqiantouguojishexiangdanyuan、keyanyuansuohezhuangbeizhizuochangjia,bazhanfaniantousanre、xinxingziliaodengxilieshouyinanguan。sanxiatuantijingyoujinchengzaiyanzhongzhuangbeikeyan、shexianghezhizuo、zhuangpeiheyunzhuanliantiaopingfentiaoliyoubuzhoudiwenbutuidongguochanhua,yizaijizuzhuangbei、gaoyadianqizhuangbei、bangzhuzhuangbeishenzhigenbenziliaoshanghuodelezhuyaogongxiao。

   “buzhishigaojunshangdeshouyi,baihetanshuidianzhanduizhaoming、gongshui、paifengguanruxudegenbenpeitaojucuocuoshiyeyougenggaobiaozhundeqingqiu。keyihuoxuhuoxudaochangdianzhanfuzhi,duixiangganqiyelaijiang,yeshiqishouyicainengdebiaoxian,jiangyouzhuyuqiyetuozhantongsuhuafeishichang。”kangyonglinxianrong,“xianzai,woguoshuidianzhanfuzhi、zhuangpei、jingyingquancaichanliandouyizouchuguomen,chengweizhongguodeshouci。”

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